(zĕm′əl-vīs′), Ignaz Philipp 1818-1865.
Hungarian physician who pioneered the use of antiseptics in obstetrics as the result of his discovery that puerperal fever is a form of septicemia. His methods reduced mortalities but were not widely adopted until after his death.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the highlights of his international career was delivering the Semmelweiss Lecture on "Lessons from lavage and colonic trauma" at the Surgical Infection Society of Europe congress in Vienna in 1994.
(3) Department of Organic Chemistry, Semmelweiss University, Hogyes Endre Utca 7, Budapest 1095, Hungary
Just like Semmelweiss's theory regarding hand washing and the prevention of infection years earlier, d'Herelle's discovery was met with outrage and skepticism.
Remember that "Authorities" in Vienna murdered Dr Semmelweiss for doing and preaching what was right (history says they strangled him); and USA "Authorities" mercilessly persecuted nuclear advisor Richard Barlow, nurse Margaret Sanger, Drs Jonathan Wright and Guylaine Lanctot for doing what was right.
We have reached the point that Semmelweiss noted in Vienna in the 1800s: women who deliver outside the hospital are less likely to die than those who deliver inside.
Wollmer of Semmelweiss University in Hamburg, Germany, assigned 30 patients with major depression to receive adjuvant treatment in the form of botulinum toxin A (n = 15) or saline injections to the glabellar region of the face.
In 1965, Professor Endre Mester began to study the biomodulating effects of low intensity laser therapy (LILT) on human tissue at Semmelweiss University in Budapest.
(Think of Ignaz Semmelweiss and Vincent van Gogh, for instance.
The benefits of hand hygiene for patient care purposes are well known since Semmelweiss. However, several studies have consistently disclosed very low compliance rates of hand hygiene for procedures known or assumed to be related to prevention of nosocomial infections and transmission of infecting organisms between patients [9-11].
Throughout history scientists and physicians from Archimedes ("That's funny; when I climb into this tub, all this water runs over the sides.") to Semmelweiss ("That's funny; when I scrub my hands with soap, less of my patients die giving birth.") to Jenner ("That's funny; when I injected this pus from an infected milkmaid with cowpox into this eight-year-old boy, he didn't get smallpox like everyone else in the village.") have had moments when they put several events together and came up with something neat, something that raised their eyebrows, something "funny." Not funny in a thigh slapping manner, but "funny" in a sense that they thought maybe they were onto something.
The theory of the Internet is like the theory of disease before Semmelweiss and Pasteur.