Semmelweis


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Semmelweis

 [sem´el-vīs]
Ignaz Philipp (1818–1865). Hungarian physician and pioneer of antisepsis in obstetrics. He was born at Buda and educated at the universities of Pest and Vienna. As assistant in an obstetrics ward of Allgemeines Krankenhaus in Vienna, where the mortality rate from puerperal fever was extremely high, Semmelweis recognized that the infection was carried from patient to patient by the physicians, and he instituted preventive measures, such as cleansing of the physicians' hands with chlorinated lime. He met such fierce opposition from many of his colleagues that he left Vienna and returned to Pest to work as a physician in a maternity department.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This fact made Semmelweis "so miserable that life seemed worthless." He sought to find a logical reason for this discrepancy.
Semmelweis's work was accepted by the medical community only a few years later when Louis Pasteur supported the germ theory of disease and the microscope was soon able to see pathogens.
In the aftermath, the Semmelweis University formed a five-member panel which formally cleared Schmidt of plagiarizing his doctoral dissertation, but proposed that his doctorate be withdrawn based on the findings of its inquiry into the allegations.
Semmelweis finally realizes the connection between hand washing and germ transfer.
Born in Budapest in 1818, Semmelweis first went to Vienna in order to study law but quickly switched to medicine.
As assistant professor on the maternity ward of the Vienna General Hospital, Semmelweis observed that women examined by student doctors who had not washed their hands after leaving the autopsy room had very high death rates.
Hungarian media reported on Thursday that Semmelweis University had proposed that Schmitt's doctorate be withdrawn based on the findings of its inquiry into the allegations.