Another category of consumers are called pesce-pollotarians who eat some fish and other seafood as part of their semi-vegetarian
4 Plant-based was defined as any type of 13% vegetarian or near-vegetarian diet (including vegan, vegetarian, pescetarian, semi-vegetarian
Surinder Baines, Jennifer Powers and Wendy J Brown, (2007), "How does the health and well-being of young Australian vegetarian and semi-vegetarian
women compare with non-vegetarians?" Public Health Nutrition, 10 (05), 436-442
Orlich says that adopting a semi-vegetarian
diet, or even beginning with a vegetarian day during the week, can move your risk factor in the right direction.
Self-reported results showed 7.7 percent were vegan (exclude all animal products), 29.2 percent lacto-ovo-vegetarian (include dairy products and eggs), 9.9 percent pesco-vegetarian (include seafood), 5.4 percent semi-vegetarian
(eat animal products/seafood one or fewer times per week), and 47.7 percent non-vegetarian (eat animal products/seafood more than once per week).
Five studies focused on vegan diets, 2 on lacto-vegetarian, 10 on lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets and 15 on mixed types (vegan, lacto, lacto-ovo, pesco and/or semi-vegetarian
The study followed participants who were randomly assigned to one of five diets on the dietary spectrum: vegan which excludes all animal products, semi-vegetarian
with occasional meat intake; pesco-vegetarian which excludes all meat except seafood; vegetarian which excludes all meat and seafood but includes animal products, and omnivorous, which excludes no foods.
The mortality rate for non-vegetarians was almost 20% higher than that for vegetarians and semi-vegetarians
. On top of lower mortality rates, switching from non-vegetarian diets to vegetarian diets or even semi-vegetarian
diets also helped reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
For over 20 years I've been a non-smoking semi-vegetarian
(mostly veggies, fruits, fish, and high-fiber carbs).
This leaves room for a spectrum of dietary patterns, including vegan (no animal foods), lacto-ovo vegetarian (dairy and eggs, but no animal flesh), pescatarian (fish and seafood, but no animal flesh), and semi-vegetarian
or "flexitarian" (small amounts of animal flesh).
Researchers assessed dietary patients using a questionnaire that categorized study participants into five groups: non-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian
, pesco-vegetarian (includes seafood), lacto-ovo-vegetarian (includes dairy and egg products) and vegan.
Even so, the data underlines the important role of diet in the prevention of heart disease and while you may not wish to consume a fully vegetarian diet, adopting a semi-vegetarian
approach to nutrition may offer some protection against heart disease..