tendencies imbedded in the national capital structure are typical of developing countries and one of their great sources of economic volatility - one that tends to undermine long-term growth".
Therefore, extractive economic arrangements are reinforced by extractive political institutions generating an interaction that creates a self-reinforcing
vicious circle where wealth is channeled toward one narrow elite that has too much to lose by expanding political power to other groups.
It's a self-reinforcing
cycle where success breeds success.
It is a self-reinforcing
process that seems to amplify rumor beliefs through repetition.
This collection of papers includes recent research monographs, reviews of current developments, and short communications on the topic of solitons, self-reinforcing
solitary waves that maintain their shape while traveling at constant speed.
Plastiki was built from recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET)--a plastic widely used in bottles--and an experimental fabric called self-reinforcing
PET (srPET), woven from recycled PET fibers.
It was to avoid a self-reinforcing
spiral of depressed consumption and investment that government boosted public spending in today's crisis.
Systems become self-reinforcing
, bureaucracy begets more bureaucracy, and some people validate their worth by creating roadblocks for others trying to achieve the same goals.
Created by heating and weaving polypropylene fibers to stretch and align their molecular chains, Self-reinforcing
Polypropylene (SrPP) allows greater deflection of a panel while withstanding the required force and at a weight much lower than steel or aluminum.
Technocrats want self-reinforcing
cycles of policy using best evidence and systematically collected data.
Education is "a self-reinforcing
system that reproduces social class advantage" and widens gaps rather than narrows them, he says.
In short, they are people trapped in a self-reinforcing
behavioral pattern, people who need help.