attribution An inference about the cause of a particular person’s behaviour(s) or of an observed action or event. Attribution can be explanatory, in which the viewer seeks a reason that a particular event occurred, or interpersonal, in which one explains the actions of oneself or others.
attribution a person's inference about the cause of their behaviour or a behavioural outcome with regard to whether the behaviour or outcome is caused by internal factors (e.g. effort or ability) or external factors (e.g. chance or the influence of other people). attribution theory a theory designed to explain the types, antecedents and consequences of individuals' attributions.