Candidate gene identification of an aluminum-activated organic acid transporter gene at the Alt4 locus for aluminum tolerance in rye (Secale cereale
Plant biomass, P uptake, apparent P recovery and agronomic efficiency of rye (Secale cereale
L.) under different P fertilization treatments Treatments Rye biomass g P uptake mg Apparent P [kg.sup.-1] soil [kg.sup.-1] soil recovery (%) Control 0.72 b 1.5 b CSS 1.35 a 4.4 a 34 CPL 1.20 a 4.7 a 36 SV 1.20 a 4.4 a 34 SSP 1.36 a 3.5 a 27 Significance p [less than or p [less than or p > 0.05 level equal to] 0.01 equal to] 0.01 Treatments Agronomic efficiency (g [g.sup.-1]) Control CSS 48 CPL 39 SV 42 SSP 50 Significance p > 0.05 level Means followed by different letters in columns were significantly different CSS = Compost from sewage sludge; CPL = Compost from poultry litter; SV = Struvite; SSP = Single superphosphate
Remains of all four Finnish cereal species--barley (Hordeum vulgare), oat (Avena sativa), rye (Secale cereale
), and wheat (Triticum aestivum)--were only present in the samples in very small quantities in the form of testa.
The grass-grain crop rotation (containing 67% grasses and 33% cereal grains): winter rye (Secale cereale
L.) (in 2010); spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), undercrop of cocksfoot and red fescue mixture (Dactylis glomerata L.--Festuca rubra L.) (in 2011), and one year of red clover and timothy mixture (Trifolium pratense L.--Phleum pratense L.) (in 2012).
In the past, rye (Secale cereale
) was seen as a weed in more desirable wheat crops.
2001), wheat (Triticum spp.; Poaceae) (Remes Lenicov & Virla 1993), rye (Secale cereale
L; Poaceae) (Ornaghi et al.
Fasoulas, "Effects of competition and selection pressure on yield response in winter rye (Secale cereale
L.)," Euphytica, vol.
Rye straw (Secale cereale
L.), the dry fronds of Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn and, to a lesser extent, the dry aerial parts of Chondrilla juncea L.
Markette bulunan fitoterapOtik ilaclar; Cucurbita pepo, Hypoxis rooperi, Pygeum africanum, Secale cereale
, Saw Palmetto ve Urtica dioica'dir.
The second is use of cover crop residues or living mulches to suppress weed growth for variable lengths of time (e.g., winter rye, Secale cereale
L.; winter wheat, Triticum aestivum L.; and sorghum).
The effect of telomeric heterochromatin from Secale cereale
on triticale (x Triticosecale) I: The influence of the loss of several blocks of telomeric heterochromatin on early endosperm development and kernel characteristics at maturity.