figwort

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Related to Scrophulariaceae: Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae

figwort

Herbal medicine
A perennial shrub that contains flavonoids, resin and saponins, which is used topically for haemorrhoids, ulcers and wounds; it was formerly administered internally for tuberculosis and lymph node swelling.
 
Toxic effects
Figwort should not be used internally, given its intense purgative, emetic and cardioactive properties.

figwort,

n Latin name:
Scrophularia nodosa, Scrophularia ningpoensis; parts used: buds (dried), leaves (dried); uses: antiinflammatory, epidermal maladies, digestive disturbances, cardiac aid; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; patients with grave heart disease; can cause low heart rate, cardiac block, asystole, nausea, diarrhea. Also called
carpenter's square, kernelwort, rose-noble, scrofula plant, square stalk, stinking christopher, and
throatwort.
References in periodicals archive ?
The anther wall development in scrophulariaceae was reported as dicotyledonous type (10), including Verbascum [11].
Lamiaceae (12 species), Liliaceae (12 species), Rosaceae (12 species), Apiaceae (10 species), Brassicaceae (10 species), Fabaceae (10 species), Polygonaceae (9 species), Ranunculaceae (9 species), and Scrophulariaceae (7 species).
Besides orchids, resupination is less well studied but occurs in a number of families here and there (Papaveraceae-Fumarioideae, Melianthaceae, Leguminosae, Violaceae, Balsaminaceae, Acanthaceae, Lamiaceae, Scrophulariaceae sensu lato, Campanulaceae-Lobelioideae, Alstroemeriaceae, Zingiberaceae; Goebel, 1920).
The structure and development of haustaurium in parasitic Scrophulariaceae.
Most distribution families with respect to species number in the study area were: Poaceae (22), Fabaceae (10), Asteraceae (9), Lamiaceae (5), Brassicaceae (4), Papaveraceae (3), Chenopodiaceae (2), Euphorbiaceae (2), Rosacea (2), Umbliferae (2), Convolualaceae (1), Malvaceae (1), Plantaginaceae (1), Rubiaceae (1), Scrophulariaceae (1), Zygophylaceae (1).
Even if traditionally treated in the family Scrophulariaceae, molecular phylogenetic studies employing nuclear and plastid DNA markers found the nearly cosmopolitan, predominantly herbaceous Plantago as the sister taxon of Aragoa which justified its reclassification into Plantaginaceae (Bello et al.
Watson CO,E N Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentalis L B,E N Scrophulariaceae Castilleja indivisa Engelm.
Except for a few families (Aizoaceae, Campanulaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Solanaceae, Portulacaceae, Lobeliaceae and Malvaceae), most of the flowers that showed initial wilting have been found to be insensitive to exogenous ethylene (Agavaceae, Compositae, Haemodoraceae, Iridaceae, Liliaceae, Umbelliferae, Gentianaceae and Euphorbiaceae) and most of the flowers showing initial abscission have been found to be ethylene sensitive (Acanthaceae, Boraginaceae, Geraniaceae, Gesneriaceae, Labiatae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae, Rubiaceae, Scrophulariaceae and Valerianaceae).
B& K family scrophulariaceae is a medicinal plant commonly known as Brahmi, have been used in the indigenous systems of medicine for the treatment of various nervous systems ailments such as insomnia, anxiety, epilepsy, hysteria, etc.