assistive technology

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assistive technology

a concept that facilitates the process by which an individual with disabilities acquires or sustains independence.

assistive technology

A general term for any technology designed to improve the quality of life of a person with disabilities, help them function in the best possible way and maintain their independence.

Examples
Innovations to assist with communication; equipment for people with a hearing disability; access for people with a visual disability; computer access for people with a learning disability; supporting people with dementia; linking housing and assistive technology, mobility and wherever possible assessing physical ability to inform design. Telecare and telemedicine enable individuals to be treated outside hospital settings and, by assisting the work of GPs and community care teams, enable individuals with chronic illnesses or disabilities to live independently.

Assistive technology for persons with disabilities 
• Hygiene—long levers for faucets, specially designed toilets. 
• Work-enabling activities—adjustable work tables, modified sports equipment.  
• Social interaction/communication—prosthetic devices, cochlear implants, special telephones.  
• Physical access—ramps, remote control switches.

assistive technology

Enabling technology Disabilities A technology designed to improve the quality of life a person with disabilities and function in the most optimal possible fashion. See American with Disabilities Act.

as·sis·tive tech·nol·o·gy

(ă-sis'tiv tek-nol'ŏ-jē)
Any piece of equipment or device used to maintain or promote function in someone with a disability. Can range from low (e.g., walking stick) to high (e.g., computerized communication device).
References in periodicals archive ?
Text hyperlinks should say more than just "click here," so that screen reader software can provide more information about what would be found at the link.
One way is to place a description around the image; another is to code it with descriptive words in an "alt attribute" that is invisible on screen but can be read by screen readers.
Garcia said the only hitch in the screen reader software is its cost, which is around P48,000.
If you mark up page headings semantically using h1 through h6, someone using a screen reader can skip through the headings on the page and find the useful section.
For example, a screen reader informs the user of the current location in a table by saying: "column 4 of 5, row 2 of 3.
The text transcript will allow the visually impaired student to access the material through a screen reader and will also assist students with hearing impairments to access the material in a different manner.
The NVDA screen reader was launched in early 2006 and since then a team of people from Britain and Egypt began translating its various versions into Arabic, in order to make it accessible to people in the Arab world as well,' said Ahmed.
Screen reader software uses Text-To-Speech (TTS) to translate on-screen information into speech, which can then be heard through earphones or speakers.
The software, Jaws Screen Reader, offers a variety of languages and even different accents.
The program, which was created by Eelke Folmer, an assistant professor of computer science and engineering at the University of Nevada-Reno, is compatible with the JAWS screen reader and runs on Windows, Mac OS, and Linux.
com says it is compatible with screen reader software used by people with sight impairments, does not use flash technology or pop-up windows, which can hamper screen reader software, provides simple options to increase the size of on-screen text or change text colours and makes it easy to use the keyboard instead of using a mouse.