scientific method

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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.

scientific method

[sī′əntif′ik]
a systematic, ordered approach to the gathering of data and the solving of problems. The basic approach is the statement of the problem followed by the statement of a hypothesis. An experimental method is established to help confirm or negate the hypothesis. The results of the experiment are observed, and conclusions are drawn from observed results. The conclusions may tend to uphold or to refute the hypothesis.

scientific method

the way of approaching a problem by drawing up a hypothesis based on a series of observations, and then testing the hypothesis by means of experiments designed in such a way as to support or invalidate the hypothesis. On the basis of the experimental evidence a theory is proposed to account for the initial observations. If subsequently the theory is found to be wanting in some respect, new hypotheses are sought and tested experimentally, so the process is a successive refinement which in science never leads to an absolute truth, but to a more reliable knowledge.

scientific method,

n a formal style of study or research in which a problem is identified, pertinent information is assembled, a hypothesis is advanced and tested empirically, and the hypothesis is accepted or rejected.

scientific method

the process of extending knowledge by forming a hypothesis based on observations and epidemiological patterns, which is then tested on a subset of the total population, then generalizing the results to the appropriate population through the process of inductive logic. Before implementation of the hypotheses they should be tested by studies planned on the basis that the hypothesis will be proved or denied.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ian Brewster, head of the joint scientific investigation unit, said the unit should reassure victims of crime that everything is being done to catch the perpetrator.
The conduct of social scientific investigation thus implies the effective incorporation of the subject population in a framework of administrative structures and relations.
Scientific investigation uncovered information about the forest ecosystem that changed the way the public policy-makers viewed forest-management goals.
The Society seeks to promote interdisciplinary communication, scientific investigation, and exchange of clinical information about epilepsy.
Very little of what has been established by scientific investigation is thrown away.
Year 9 pupils from Cefn Hengoed, near Caerphilly, learnt about the work of police Scientific Investigation Units at a Technocamps workshop at Swansea University.
Gell-Mann is a former board member of the Southern California Skeptics and has been a Fellow of the American Humanist Association-founded Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) since 1985.
Not only did DNA catch the perpetrator, it exonerated the innocent,'' said Steve Johnson, commanding officer of the Scientific Investigation Department.
For example, many such studies involve the use of animal models--and animal research continues to be among the most socially contentious areas of scientific investigation (Loeb et al.
the editors asked, noting that, "The story of Joshua is just one of many that have withered under the scrutiny of scientific investigation.
Filmed in July 1993, this program chronicles the first-ever multi-disciplinary scientific investigation by an expert team of researchers who employed sonar mapping and infra-red aerial photography to unlock the secrets of this vast ecosystem.
Books have been written before about children's memories of a 'previous life'--but none hold the backing of scientific research, as does LIFE BEFORE LIFE: A SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION OF CHILDREN'S MEMORIES OF PREVIOUS LIVES.

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