peer review

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peer review

 
1. a basic component of a quality assurance program in which the results of health care given to a specific patient population are evaluated according to health-wellness outcome criteria established by peers of the professionals delivering the care. Peer review is focused on the patient and on the results of care given by a group of professionals rather than on individual professional practitioners. Review by peer groups is promoted by professional organizations as a means of maintaining standards of care. Retrospective review critically evaluates the results of work that has been completed; it is done for purposes of improving future practice. The source of data is medical records which document the full continuum of care provided and each patient's response to that care. Concurrent review takes place at the time the care is being given. It critically examines each patient's progress toward desired health-wellness outcomes. Sources of data for concurrent review are the patient's record and interview, observation, and inspection of the patient. A major advantage of concurrent review is that it provides the opportunity to improve care so that patients benefit from the review and recommended changes in ongoing care.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice.
3. Evaluation of a manuscript or research proposal by professional colleagues.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

peer re·view

(pēr rē-vyū'),
Process of evaluating research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, and abstracts submitted for presentation at a scientific meeting, whereby these are judged for technical and scientific merit by other scientists in the same field.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

peer review

The objective evaluation of the quality of a physician's or a scientist's performance by colleagues Medtalk The evaluation of a practitioner's professional performance, including identification of opportunities for improving the quality, necessity, and appropriateness–suitability of care; peer review organizations–PROs in the US contract with the CMS, formerly HCFA. See Peer-reviewed journal, Peer review organization.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Back to scholarly reviews, and why they have little impact on sales of the book being reviewed.
Many writers come together to give a scholarly review on these elements on how they have succeeded and failed throughout the world.
This updated and revised fourth edition expresses three objectives: providing scholarly review of important areas of counseling psychology inquiry, offering directions for future research, and drawing specific suggestions for practice derived from scholarly literature in counseling psychology and related disciplines.
The Iroquois conducted wars against the French, English, Americans and others: from economic consequences of rivalries to the foundations of war which dictated Iroquois League manners, UNCONQUERED provides a scholarly review of history and cultural influences and is a 'must' for any surveying Native American culture and patterns of war.
In the current national climate of increased awareness of people with disabilities and national laws, programs, and policies related to disability, Longmore's newest work provides an engaging discussion of some of the major issues and concerns within the disability community as well as a scholarly review of the of the major events in disability history.
The second chapter, on tumor markers, is a scholarly review of this important area and represents an expansion from the previous edition, in which this topic was only briefly covered in the chapter on diagnostic enzymology.
In 1828 Vorosmarty became the full-time editor of a well-known scholarly review, the Tudomanyos Gyujtemeny , and he was the first Hungarian man of letters to make a living from literature.
Most of the chapters in this carefully researched volume provide a scholarly review of the problems faced by refugees and migrants in all parts of the world.
Kerry; recent issues of the journals Fastitocalon: Studies in Fantasticism Ancient to Modern, Journal of Inklings Studies, VII: An Anglo-American Literary Review, and Tolkien Studies: An Annual Scholarly Review; and Tolkien and the Study of his Sources: Critical Essays, edited by Jason Fisher.
Oscar Jaszi (1895-1957) spent the first half of his life in Hungary, where he was responsible for the establishment of Huszadik Szazad (Twentieth Century), a scholarly review of sociology and political science dealing questions of modernization and democratization in multinational Hungary; questions that were to be his guiding concerns for the rest of his life, even as he emigrated to the United States and took up a position as a professor of political science at Oberlin College.
Examining economic and legal aspects of competition policy and industrial organization, the handbook provides a scholarly review of the state of the art for economic theory, empirical evidence, and standards of legal evidence.
Sheeraz Dasti scholarly reviewed some of Iftikhar Arif's poems packed with similes, metaphors and symbols with unique theorization of the pattern of 'silence'.

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