Schmallenberg virus


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Schmallenberg virus

A virus first identified in Schmallenberg, Germany, in 2011, which causes brain and limb malformations in cattle and lambs. It is thought to be a negative-sense, single-stranded RNA virus of the Bunyaviridae family, genus Orthobunyavirus.
References in periodicals archive ?
breeders finally received the results of the last Schmallenberg virus test that guaranteed U.K.
The reactivity of yeast-expressed SBV N protein with cow serum IgG induced by a natural SBV infection was analysed by an indirect IgG SBV ELISA using a panel of 102 cow serum specimens found to be either positive or negative for SBV-specific IgG antibodies using a commercial diagnostic kit (ID Screen Schmallenberg virus Indirect, IDvet).
And the Schmallenberg virus, which struck last month, has depleted UK lamb stocks, leading to a 20% decline in sales as people switch to cheaper cuts.
Officials said that although the disease was a new one, and there were some uncertainties about it, assessment by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control suggested the risk to humans from Schmallenberg virus was very low.
There are also new emerging diseases such as the Schmallenberg virus, and the spread of previously exotic diseases like bluetongue, which has been successfully eradicated for the moment.
Chairman of the organisers Adam Watson said: "With the harsh weather, fall in lamb prices and outbreak of the Schmallenberg virus, sheep farmers have not had an easy start to the year and this underlines the challenges that we face as an industry.
In December, total sheep numbers in Wales had risen 3% to almost 6m - but the sector had since struggled with weather and disease Liver fluke and the Schmallenberg Virus had taken their toll along with the heavy snow, said HCC's John Richards.
As part of a series of initiatives to closely monitor the development of the Schmallenberg virus (SBV), the European Commission decided, on 8 May, to earmark almost 3 million to support seven member states to carry out scientific studies aiming to gather further information on the SBV.
WELSH scientists aim to deploy biological warfare to counter the threat of Schmallenberg Virus (SBV).
Rashid Ahmed Bin Fahd has issued an ordinance to regulate the import of cattle, sheep and goats from countries with a record of the Schmallenberg virus.
The Schmallenberg virus, which causes lambs to be stillborn or with fused limbs and twisted necks, has already hit at least 74 farms across south and east England after arriving on midges from Germany.