schizotypal personality disorder


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schizotypal personality disorder

 
a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of social and interpersonal deficits with eccentricities of behavior, thought, and speech. People with schizotypal personalities may exhibit magical thinking, for example, claiming that they are clairvoyant or telepathic, may have recurrent illusions, or may exhibit derealization. Their speech is marked by vagueness, metaphors, odd usages of words, and other features that can make it difficult to understand. Persons with this disorder often are aloof and socially isolated with little capability or desire for close relationships, excessive social anxiety, suspiciousness, and disturbed affect. Although the disorder is related to schizophrenia, it differs in that any periods of psychosis are only transient.

schizotypal personality disorder

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

schizotypal personality disorder

(skĭt′sə-tī′pəl)
n.
A personality disorder characterized by severe discomfort with close relationships in addition to odd or inappropriate beliefs, behaviors, and speech, but without delusions or other symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia.

schizotypal personality disorder

301.22 DSM-IV Psychiatry A schizophrenia-like condition characterized by defects in interpersonal relationships and disturbed thought patterns, appearance, behavior; Pts with SPD have bizarre speech, poor social skills, strained relationships with others; it is more common in relatives of schizophrenic. See Schizophrenia.

schiz·o·typ·al per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

(skiz'ō-tīp'ăl pĕr-sŏn-al'i-tē dis-ōr'dĕr)
An enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior. People with such a disorder hold ideas that are considered unusual, and have difficulty relating to others.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of demographic and clinical assessments between control and schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) proneness groups in Study 1.
(10.) Markovitz PJ, Calabrese JR, Schulz SC, et al Fluoxetine in the treatment of borderline and schizotypal personality disorders. Am J Psychiatry.
Auditory P300 does not differentiate borderline personality disorder from schizotypal personality disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 26, 766-774.
15%) and schizophreniform or schizotypal personality disorders (33% vs.
The SPQ-B (Raine & Benishay, 1995) used in the present study has a broad remit and was designed to represent the DSM symptoms of Schizotypal Personality Disorder. This measure has the advantage of being quick to administer and provides a valid and reliable measure of overall and subscale scores (cognitive-perceptual, interpersonal, and disorganised); however, the measure is not capable of providing reliable and valid indices of the individual features of schizotypal personality disorder (Raine & Benishay, 1995).
Schizotypal personality disorder is a condition within the spectrum of schizophrenia-related disorders.
"We've been able to show that it is reliably diagnosable using the Scale of Prodromal Symptoms," which includes a schizotypal personality disorder checklist, a family history questionnaire, the Global Assessment of Functioning scale, and an assessment of three potential prodromal syndromes.
Dahmer probably could be diagnosed with personality disorder not otherwise specified with schizoid, antisocial, and schizotypal personality disorder traits.
Typically, people living in squalor suffer from illnesses such as strokes, dementia, schizoid or schizotypal personality disorder, or schizophrenia, said Dr.
The least common diagnoses were schizoid personality disorder, seen in 5% of the sample, and schizotypal personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, and dependent personality disorder, each seen in 4% of the sample.