Schirmer test

Schir·mer test

(shir'mĕr),
a test for tear production using a strip of filter paper; a measurement of basal and reflex lacrimal gland function.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Schirmer test

(shĭr′mĕrz)
[Rudolph Schirmer, Ger. ophthalmologist, 1831–1896]
The use of an absorbent paper placed in the conjunctival sac as a test for patients with ocular irritation and dry eye, e.g., keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The rate and amount of wetting of the paper provide an estimate of tear production.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Schirmer test

A test of tear production and the adequacy of corneal wetting in conditions such as SJOGREN'S SYNDROME. A narrow strip of filter paper is bent and hooked over the lower lid with one end between the lid and the eyeball. After a few minutes, wetting should extend for at least 8 mm. (Rudolph Schirmer, 1831–96, German ophthalmologist).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Schirmer,

Otto W.A., German ophthalmologist, 1864-1917.
Schirmer test - for tear production, using a strip of filter paper; a measurement of basal and reflex lacrimal gland function.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Schirmer test. After placing a small strip of filter paper inside the
After this treatment period, the mice were assessed by Schirmer test and tear break-up time (TBUT) assessment to measure tear production and stability, respectively.
Lip biopsy was diagnostic in 80.8% and schirmer test was positive in 46.2%.
The Schirmer test is routinely used by ophtalmologists for the evaluation of the tear production using strips of paper (6, 7).
Schirmer test was done showing less than 5 mm wetting of Whatman filter paper number 41 in 5 minutes suggestive of alacrima (more than 10 mm is normal).
Relative to baseline, dry eye disease patients treated with 0.1% reproxalap demonstrated statistically significant improvement from baseline in tear volume (by Schirmer test) as well as statistically and clinically significant improvement in the Overall 4-Symptom Score and the Ocular Discomfort Score.
(39) Clinical signs of corneal and conjunctival fluorescein staining, lid erythema, conjunctival hyperaemia and follicular hyperplasia, Schirmer test and TBUT all improved with the change in drops.
With the history of xerostomia and xerophthalmia without any secondary causes for them, SS was suspected, which was later confirmed by the significantly raised titers of anti-Ro/SSA and/or anti-La/SSB antibodies and positive Schirmer test (4.8 mm in 5 minutes) as per the latest classification criteria [6].
Pflugfelder, "Correlation of tear fluorescein clearance and Schirmer test scores with ocular irritation symptoms," Ophthalmology, vol.
The most widely used diagnostic tests for tear film examination are tear break-up time (TBUT) test, corneal and conjunctival staining with fluorescein, rose bengal and lissamine green dye, Schirmer test, tear film osmolarity test and impression cytology.
(3) The positive tests of anti-Sjogren syndrome A antibody and Schirmer test, ocular staining score (>3) combined with clinical symptoms supported the diagnosis of SS, (4) but the patient refused labial salivary gland biopsy.