costus

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Related to Saussurea lappa: Saussurea costus, Aquilaria agallocha

costus

Chinese medicine
A perennial herb, the root of which contains an alkaloid (saussurine) and essential oils. Costus is analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic and carminative, and is used for abdominal discomfort, angina pectoris, crushing chest pain, asthma, body odour, diarrhoea and nausea; it is believed to calm the foetus during pregnancy.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The highest efficacy was noted in allopathic drug i.e metronidazole followed by Nigella sativa, Saussurea lappa and Allium cepa.
Tirukati: 13 species: Bacopa monnieri, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Centella asiatica, Asparagus racemosus, Valeriana wallichii, Rueraria tuberosa, Saussurea lappa, Embelia ribes, Tinospora cordifolia, Operculina turpethum, Pavonia odorata, Caryophyllus aromaticus, Foeniculum vulgare.
Biswas (1956) noted that species of chaulmoogra were ruthlessly and crudely collected and sold outside Nepal, in addition to other species such as chirata (Swertia chirata) and kuth (Saussurea lappa).
Indigenous drugs like Saussurea lappa, Fumaria parviflora and Caesalpinia crista have been used since ancient times to treat worm infestation.
Inhibitory effects of sesquiterpenes from Saussurea lappa on the overproduction of nitric oxide and TNF-alpha release in LPS-activated macrophages.
Main shrub species were Salix flabellaris and Skimmia laureola with grass cover of Saussurea lappa and Anaphalis triplinervis.
Park, "Invitro anti-inflammatory effects of cynaropicrin, a sesquiterpene lactone, from Saussurea lappa," European Journal of Pharmacology, vol.
These TCM compounds are saussureamine C, 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan, and abrine derived from the TCM herbs Saussurea lappa Clarke, Mucuna pruriens (L) D., and Abrusprecatorius L.
(clove); 7.1 g Saussurea lappa Clarke (Kote-kra-dook); 7.1 g Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.; 9.3 g Atraetlis ovata Thunb.; (Kote-kae-ma); 4.7 g menthol; 1.4 g Borneo camphor; and 3.5 g Angelica anomala Lallem (Kote-sor).
Park, "Invitro anti- inflammatory effects of cynaropicrin, a sesquiterpene lactone, from Saussurea lappa," European Journal of Pharmacology, vol.
Saussurea lappa, Argyrela speciosa and Achyranthes aspera are well known Indian medicinal plants used in the indigenous systems of medicine for the treatment of inflammatory conditions.
Another PADMA 28 component, Saussurea lappa root, and its active principle dehydrocostus lactone inhibit prostate cancer cell migration in vitro and have been shown to have anticancer activity.