saturated fat

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Related to Saturated fatty acids: unsaturated fatty acids

fat

 [fat]
1. the adipose tissue of the body.
2. a triglyceride (or triacylglycerol) that is an ester of fatty acids and glycerol. Each fat molecule contains one glycerol residue connected by ester linkages to three fatty acid residues, which may be the same or different. The fatty acids may have no double bonds in the carbon chain (saturated fatty acids), one double bond (monounsaturated), or two or more double bonds (polyunsaturated). Essential fatty acids cannot be synthesized by the body but must be obtained from the diet or from intravenous infusion of lipids.
Saturated and Unsaturated Fats. All of the common unsaturated fatty acids are liquid (oils) at room temperature. Through the process of hydrogenation, hydrogen can be incorporated into certain unsaturated fatty acids so that they are converted into solid fats for cooking purposes. Margarine is an example of the hydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids into a solid substance.
brown fat a thermogenic type of adipose tissue containing a dark pigment, and arising during embryonic life in certain specific areas in many mammals, including humans (see illustration); it is prominent in the newborn. Called also brown adipose tissue.
Sites of brown fat in the neonate. From McKinney et al., 2000.
neutral fat fat (def. 2).
polyunsaturated fat a fat containing polyunsaturated fatty acids; see also fat.
saturated fat a fat containing saturated fatty acids; see also fat.
unsaturated fat a fat containing unsaturated fatty acids; see also fat.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

sat·u·rat·ed fat·ty ac·id

a fatty acid, the carbon chain of which contains no ethylenic or other unsaturated linkages between carbon atoms (for example, stearic acid and palmitic acid); called saturated because it is incapable of absorbing any more hydrogen.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

saturated fat

n.
Any of various fats, including most animal fats, coconut oil, and palm oil, that are solid at room temperature and whose fatty acid chains cannot incorporate additional hydrogen atoms. An excess of these fats in the diet is associated with high cholesterol levels in the bloodstream.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Any fat linked to increased atherosclerosis, and a poor lipid profile
Examples Saturated fats (e.g., red meat, butter, ice cream); trans fats—processed foods (e.g., margarines), commercially baked or fried foods, whole milk
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

sat·u·rat·ed fat

(sach'ŭr-āt'ĕd fat)
A type of fat found chiefly in foods that come from animals and certain vegetable oils, which raise blood cholesterol levels and thus increase risk of atherosclerosis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about saturated fat

Q. I am wondering if any of you are ENTHUSED about the use of COCONUT OIL. I ask because it IS SATURATED FAT. I have trouble losing weight. That inculdes getting cold frequently, and was wondering if cocounut oil would help me maintain body temperture more easily. Also, I have notice that SOME claim that coconut oil has many health benefits not affiliated with polyunsaturates.

A. i know there was a Polynesian research about people that consume coconut oil on a daily basis in parallel to people who don't. they found out that there are high cholesterol levels among the people that consumed coconut oil but no significant difference in heart problems.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Assessment of erythrocyte phospholipid fatty acid composition as a biomarker for dietary MUFA, PUFA or saturated fatty acid intake in a controlled cross-over intervention trial.
It is desirable to further reduce the saturated fatty acid level to achieve zero saturated fat levels (Scarth and McVetty, 1999).
In contrast with other saturated fatty acids, stearic acid does not appear to elevate the serum cholesterol.[11] It is not known why stearic acid does not produce a hypercholesterolemic effect similar to other long-chain saturated fatty acids.
However, you don't need to consume any saturated fatty acids; your body makes all it needs.
The best way to help lower your blood cholesterol level is to eat less saturated fatty acids and cholesterol, and control your weight.
The drop in HDL, combined with the rise in LDL, made the trans fats "at least as unfavorable as...the cholesterol-raising saturated fatty acids," concluded Mensink and Katan.
Saturated fatty acids differ from other fats in their chemical composition.
From many years of research, it has been established that the primary cholesterol-elevating fatty acids are the saturated fatty acids with 12 (lauric acid), 14 (myristic acid), and 16 carbon atoms (palmitic acid) with a concomitant increase in the risk of coronary heart disease.
The different observations may have resulted from the different ratio of unsaturated to saturated fatty acids in various lipids [28].
The new research, from experts at the Harvard school of public health and Harvard medical school in Boston, found that a higher intake of major saturated fatty acids, such as those found in hard cheese, whole milk, butter and beef, was linked to an increased risk of heart disease.
Broad sense heritability was high for all the traits ranging from 0.75 (lint percentage) to 0.99 (saturated fatty acids) with maximum genetic gain for seed cotton yield (19.73 g).