Sassafras albidum


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sassafras

Herbal medicine
A deciduous tree, the bark of which is antiseptic, diaphoretic and diuretic. It was regarded by Native Americans as a blood purifier; in herbal medicine, it was used topically for syphilis, abscesses, acne, poison ivy and poison oak, and internally for colic and rheumatic complaints.

Toxicity
Carcinogenic and hepatotoxic in rats due to safrole; it is listed by the FDA as “unsafe”. Sassafras oil and raw bark should not be used internally.
References in periodicals archive ?
This interpretation is supported by the absence of flood and fire intolerant species such as Sassafras albidum and Prunus serotina in these vegetation types.
Species 1992 1993 1994 Treatment plots Before After Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees.
Strips [approximately equal to]2 cm thick were carved from the deeply ridged barks of Juglans nigra, Sassafras albidum, and Quercus rubra.
First report of laurel wilt, caused by Raffaelea lauricola, on sassafras (Sassafras albidum) in Alabama.
Diameter Classes (cm) Species 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50+ Quercus alba 12.2 23.3 32.2 23.3 21.1 Quercus velutina -- 3.3 11.1 24.4 12.2 Carya ovata 14.4 14.4 10.0 6.7 -- Carya tomentosa 24.4 24.4 1.1 2.2 -- Quercus rubra -- 1.1 1.1 2.2 -- Prunus serotina 4.4 2.2 -- -- -- Cornus florida 6.7 -- -- -- -- Sassafras albidum 5.6 -- -- -- -- Acer saccharum 1.1 -- 2.2 -- -- Quercus stellata -- -- -- 1.1 -- Carya glabra -- 1.1 -- -- -- Morus rubra 1.1 -- -- -- -- Fraxinus lanceolata -- 1.1 -- -- -- Totals 69.9 70.9 57.7 59.9 33.3 Basal Area Total [m.sup.2] Rel.
Sassafras albidum was the only other species represented by more than one individual (Table 1).
Acer saccharum 42.2 34.3 23.1 29.9 56.1 29.9 35.9 Prunus serotina 44.2 10.4 14.6 40.0 3.7 11.6 20.7 Liriodendron tulipifera 6.1 15.8 3.7 14.7 6.7 Fagus grandifolia 0.5 8.5 7.3 0.2 12.8 6.1 5.9 Sassafras albidum 5.2 1.2 4.9 8.2 1.2 4.3 4.2 Fraxinus americana 1.6 1.8 1.2 11.7 1.2 1.2 3.1 Quercus rubra 0.3 1.8 7.9 7.9 3.0 Quercus alba 0.6 7.9 0.6 4.9 2.3 Carpinus caroliniana 0.1 8.0 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.8 Acer rubrum 1.8 0.6 1.8 1.7 1.8 3.1 1.8 Ostrva virginiana <0.1 3.7 2.4 0.4 3.7 1.8 2.0 Ulmus rubra 0.6 4.3 1.8 2.1 0.6 1.6 Cornus florida 5.5 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.5 Ulmus americana 0.1 1.8 1.2 3.7 1.8 1.4 Cercis canadensis 4.3 0.6 1.8 1.1 Acer negundo 1.4 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.6 0.9 Carya sp.
Sassafras albidum and Sassafras officinale of the family Lauraceae
COMMON NAME SASSAFRAS SCIENTIFIC NAME SASSAFRAS ALBIDUM LOCATION OWENSBORO, KENTUCKY NOMINATOR O.W.
In the southern stands, pines were almost entirely absent from the small size classes and the understory was dominated by sugar maple, basswood (Tilia americana), and sassafras (Sassafras albidum).
Quercus velutina (black oak), Prunus serotina (wild black cherry), and Sassafras albidum (sassafras) followed in IV and accounted for most of the remaining stems.
Dominant species found here include Crataegus spp., Rubus spp., Sassafras albidum, Solidago canadensis, and Toxicodendron radicans.