Sapphic

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Sapphic

Pertaining to female homosexuality. From the Greek female poet Sappho who lived on the island of Lesbos.
References in periodicals archive ?
Allen has recently argued, another of Sappho's fragments--"Sweet mother, I cannot weave my web, broken as I am by longing for a boy, at soft Aphrodite's will"--influenced Tennyson's conception of "The Lady of Shalott," in which a female artist, like Sappho's speaker, is overcome by the onset of Love.(6) Finally, in the 1832 Poems, Tennyson includes two adaptations of the famous Sapphic ode "faivetai moi kivoc, isoc, theoisiv / emmev ovir |Peer of the gods he seems to me~": an extensive translation-adaptation in "Eleanore" (122-44) and a partial borrowing in "Fatima" (15-19).
In this male competition, a poem of sapphic desire--a female speaker gazing at a man gazing at her beloved--gets translated into a heterosexual triangle of desire--a male speaker gazing at another man gazing at his beloved.
There are plenty of other insights into the poem, but the book presses further, arguing that the Adonic cadence, which, as has often been noted (but without giving it its name), recurs throughout Holderlin's hymns, is the trace of a Sapphic strain hitherto unacknowledged, or as Menninghaus puts it: 'das metrische Hypogramm gibt den grossen pindarischen Gebilden ganz buchstablich eine sapphisch-adonische Unterschrift' (p.99).For since Hellingrath's championing and editing of Holderlin in the early twentieth century the hymns have rightly been understood as modelled on Pindar, and particularly on the 'harte Fugung' of his style.
In Latin, Catullus first adapted the sapphic stanza or strophe, and Horace used it extensively in his Odes.