sampling error(redirected from Sample error)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.
sampling errorSurgical pathology An error in a diagnostic work-up, in which insufficient, inadequate, or non-representative material is obtained for analysis, especially biopsy material, less commonly, cytologic samplings
sampling error(in statistics) a statistical phenomenon in which the variation within a sample is inversely related to the size of the sample. In other words, the smaller the sample the larger the sample error. Thus if 100 people toss 10 coins each, the variation within each sample would be quite high, from perhaps 2 heads: 8 tails, to 8 heads: 2 tails. However, if the same 100 people toss 1000 coins each, the variation would be expected to be proportionately less, from perhaps 350 heads: 650 tails to 650 heads: 350 tails. The variation in a sample can be expressed as, for example, mean ± standard error.
the wrong answer in an experiment or result to a questionnaire.
of two types, errors of objectivity when the experimenter knows the groups and the expected result, and errors of detection or measurement due to inadequate technique or the uneven application of measuring techniques.
error which occurs due to chance, such as sampling error.
one due to the fact that the result obtained from a sample is only an estimate of that obtained from using the entire population.
when the error is applied to all results, i.e. those due to bias.
error types I and II
in making a statistical test, you can reject the null hypothesis when it is true (type I) or accept the null hypothesis when it is false (type II).