Samoyed

(redirected from Samoyedic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Samoyed

a medium-sized dog characterized by a very thick, straight, white or cream-colored coat that stands out from the body, with brown eyes and black-rimmed eyelids and lip margins. It is said to have a 'smiling expression'. The ears are erect and the tail, with profuse haircoat, is curled over the back. The breed is predisposed to hemophilia, congenital heart defects and familial renal disease.
Enlarge picture
Samoyed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps this is why they have diverged so far from the Uralic peoples both physically and linguistically that until recently it was not shown that the isolated Yukaghir language is related to the Uralic family, and especially to the Samoyedic languages.
Given the fact that much of the historical syntax of Samoyedic is still unknown, Nganasan features that diverge from other Taimyrian Northern Samoyedic languages are not necessarily the outcome of language contacts, but may be instead language internal innovations.
in words keseru 'bitter', savanyu 'sour'), furthermore in Samoyedic languages (on the etymology of these suffixes, see: Lehtisalo 1936:82-110; A.
In all three Samoyedic languages that use interrogative mood to express polar interrogation, a further paradigmatic asymmetry is found in that interrogative mood marking is incompatible with other moods.
As far as Enets is concerned, Castren's grammar of Samoyedic languages (1854) has remained the most systematic source for the topic.
Terescenko has asserted in her monograph on Samoyedic syntax that in three Samoyedic languages, particularly clearly just in (Tundra) Nenets and Enets, partly in Selkup--contrary to the norms valid for Finno Ugric languages--the nominative of substantives indicates the definiteness of a direct object.
In Ob-Ugric and Samoyedic the 3P verbal inflection of the definite conjugation is (*)t-material (t ~ d ~ [delta] ~ r ~ l).
From a more general perspective, Nenets pronouns for 2nd person (further person is referred to with P) and 3P (both Tundra and Forest varieties) do not derive from Proto-Samoyedic/Uralic either, which leaves Nganasan as the only Northern Samoyedic language with a full set of personal pronouns derived from Proto-Samoyedic/Uralic.
By contrast, all Samoyedic languages clearly have a category of unmarked object next to an indicative finite verb, and in three of these: (Tundra) Nenets, (6) Enets and Selkup this form expresses the definiteness or the focus function of the object.
On the other, I have supposed that Samoyedic languages have strong traces about contacts with Finnic languages up to the transition of Samoyeds to the Finnic language form (see e.
Being, at that time at least, very sceptical about the idea (then only a hypothesis) of genetic links between Finno-Ugric and Samoyedic, A.
2) Distinguishing between indeterminative and determinative conjugations: Mordvin, Ob-Ugric, Southern Samoyedic languages (Selkup, distinct Kamass, Mator).