Perhaps this is why they have diverged so far from the Uralic peoples both physically and linguistically that until recently it was not shown that the isolated Yukaghir language is related to the Uralic family, and especially to the Samoyedic
Given the fact that much of the historical syntax of Samoyedic
is still unknown, Nganasan features that diverge from other Taimyrian Northern Samoyedic
languages are not necessarily the outcome of language contacts, but may be instead language internal innovations.
in words keseru 'bitter', savanyu 'sour'), furthermore in Samoyedic
languages (on the etymology of these suffixes, see: Lehtisalo 1936:82-110; A.
In all three Samoyedic
languages that use interrogative mood to express polar interrogation, a further paradigmatic asymmetry is found in that interrogative mood marking is incompatible with other moods.
As far as Enets is concerned, Castren's grammar of Samoyedic
languages (1854) has remained the most systematic source for the topic.
Terescenko has asserted in her monograph on Samoyedic
syntax that in three Samoyedic
languages, particularly clearly just in (Tundra) Nenets and Enets, partly in Selkup--contrary to the norms valid for Finno Ugric languages--the nominative of substantives indicates the definiteness of a direct object.
In Ob-Ugric and Samoyedic
the 3P verbal inflection of the definite conjugation is (*)t-material (t ~ d ~ [delta] ~ r ~ l).
From a more general perspective, Nenets pronouns for 2nd person (further person is referred to with P) and 3P (both Tundra and Forest varieties) do not derive from Proto-Samoyedic
/Uralic either, which leaves Nganasan as the only Northern Samoyedic
language with a full set of personal pronouns derived from Proto-Samoyedic
By contrast, all Samoyedic
languages clearly have a category of unmarked object next to an indicative finite verb, and in three of these: (Tundra) Nenets, (6) Enets and Selkup this form expresses the definiteness or the focus function of the object.
On the other, I have supposed that Samoyedic
languages have strong traces about contacts with Finnic languages up to the transition of Samoyeds to the Finnic language form (see e.
Being, at that time at least, very sceptical about the idea (then only a hypothesis) of genetic links between Finno-Ugric and Samoyedic
2) Distinguishing between indeterminative and determinative conjugations: Mordvin, Ob-Ugric, Southern Samoyedic
languages (Selkup, distinct Kamass, Mator).