Therefore, Atriplex cover is expected to be high in the absence of hares in salt marshes
[sim]15 yr old, whereas in marshes grazed by hares, Atriplex becomes dominant [sim]25 yr later (Fig.
A number of researchers have concluded that the zonational distribution pattern of species in inland and coastal salt marshes
is determined by both biotic and abiotic factors (Stalter, 1973; Pielou & Routledge, 1976; Mahall & Park, 1976; Ungar, 1979; Silander & Antonovics, 1982; Ellison, 1987; Bertness & Ellison, 1987; Ungar, 1991; Pennings & Callaway, 1992; Mulder et al., 1996).
Some folks later said, though, that the "smell" I detected was not salt marshes
or the sea, but the sour, spoiled-sauerkraut stench of sawmills wafting up from adjoining Georgetown County (you don't smell this anymore).
Most of our salt marshes
are found along the East Coast and the Gulf of Mexico.
* Salt marshes
make an important contribution to habitat diversity.
Extensive Spartina salt marshes
in the Tuckerton Peninsula, characteristic of coastal marsh systems of the northeastern United States (Kennish, 2001), border broad areas (~33.8 [km.sup.2]) of Little Egg Harbor to the north and the Mullica River-Great Bay Estuary to the south.
Others who may find chapters of interest include mosquito control professionals, especially those whose major pests develop in salt marshes
, such as in coastal New Jersey and Florida.
Active planting of high-diversity plots should therefore be seriously considered as a restoration tool to achieve common management goals in southern California salt marshes
Mr Pritchard said: "It's a big talking point with our customers who are keen to find out more about the unique way in which we farm here on the salt marshes
." Previous winner: 2007 Contact: 01792 391 421/390 012 www.gowersaltmarshlamb.co.uk
Ecological explanations for gastropod zonation in salt marshes
could parallel paradigms established in the rocky intertidal (e.g., Connell 1961a, 1961b, Paine 1969).
Generally they favour salt marshes
during the winter, usually with fresh water outfalls running through them.
Among the other widely known problem spots is the Jamaica Bay National Wildlife Refuge in New York, where salt marshes
suffer from a perfect storm of sediment starvation, dredging, wastewater effluent and even wave action from boats that threatens to drown them by 2020.