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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
Auditor General Pakistan (AGPR) officials informed the committee that the office of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Commissioner for Afghan Refugees, working under the Ministry of SAFRON, made available an amount of Rs 5.
In this regard the committee was further informed that a meeting has been convened in SAFRON division to finalize the prioritized SNEs proposal for creation of 2292 posts of different departments of FATA.
Senator Taj Mohammad Afridi said that people were facing problems due to bureaucratic hurdles and lack of coordination among FATA Secretariat, Finance Division and Ministry of SAFRON.
The Committee recommended that the Ministry of SAFRON, Finance Division and FATA Secretariat finalize the SNEs proposals for creation of 2292 posts on priority basis as the SNEs proposals pending since long.
Islamabad -- Federal Minister for SAFRON Abdul Qadir Baloch on Tuesday that ongoing operation Zarb-e-Azb against terrorists is continuing successfully and confidence of affected people has returned.
The meeting was attended by the other high officials of the Ministry of SAFRON including Joint Secretary and Commissioner of Afghan refugees for Islamabad Saleem Khan.
The Minister has said that the joint offices will be setup by Ministry of SAFRON and Afghan embassy and the documentation process will be completed after verification by Afghan officials.
The committee meeting was chaired by Senator Hilal ur Rehman and attended by Senators Mohammad Saleh Shah, Aurangzeb Khan, Taj Mohammad Afridi, Sajjad Hussain Turi, Ahmed Hassan, Khanzada Khan, Sitara Ayaz, officials of Ministry of SAFRON and FATA Secretariat.
Minister for SAFRON laid the Annual Report of the Central Board of Directors of the State Bank of Pakistan for the year 20132014 along with the statistical supplement.
The Prime Minister has given the responsibility of IDPs to the Ministry of SAFRON which was looking after the displaced persons with the help of Pakistan Army, local administration and other officials.
The Committee was briefed on the Bill titled 'The Tribal Areas Rewaj Bill, 2017 (Government Bill) by the Ministry of SAFRON in detail.
Our government is determine and will introduce the local government system in FATA quite earlier than local bodies' elections across the country", said the minister for SAFRON.