STR


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STR

Abbreviation for:
scotopic threshold response
seven-transmembrane receptor
short tandem repeat
single-twitch response
soluble transferrin receptor
Specialty Registrar (StR), see there  
Structured Training Report, see there 
subtotal resection
superior temporal region
supratrigeminal region
systolic time ratio

Streptococcus

(strep?to-kok'us) [ strepto- + coccus],

Str

A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic cocci of the family Streptococcaceae, in which the cells tend to form chains or pairs. Many species are saprophytes, but others are virulent pathogens. They may be classified as alpha (a), beta (ß), and gamma (?) on the basis of their growth on blood agar plates and the hemolysis produced. Alpha-hemolytic streptococci produce partial hemolysis and create a greenish coloration around the colonies. Beta-hemolytic types completely hemolyze blood and form clear zones round colonies; those of the gamma type are nonhemolytic and do not change the color of the medium. Streptococci are also classified into several immunological groups (Lancefield groups) designated by the letters A through H, and K through O. Most human infections are caused by groups A, B, D, F, G, H, K, and O. Approximately 100 types of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci have been identified. See: rheumatic fever; scarlet fever

Streptococcus agalactiae

A group B ß-hemolytic species found in raw milk that is the leading cause of bacterial sepsis and meningitis in newborns and a major cause of endometritis and fever in postpartum women.

Infected infants develop early-onset symptoms in the first 5 days of life, including lethargy, jaundice, respiratory distress, shock, pneumonia, and anorexia. The fatality rate is 50% for very low birth weight neonates and 2% to 8% in term infants.

Infected postpartum women develop late-onset symptoms 7 days to several months after giving birth. Symptoms include sepsis, meningitis, seizures, and psychomotor retardation. Neonatal infection may be prevented by detecting colonization by these bacteria in pregnant women and by administering antibiotics prior to birth.

Synonym: Streptococcus, Group B

Streptococcus anginosus

A species that causes abscesses. It was formerly known as S. milleri.

Streptococcus bovis

The former name of a species now known as S. gallolyticus.

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis

A species that causes skin infections, such as erysipelas, as well as puerperal sepsis, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, bacteremia, and endocarditis.

Streptococcus equisimilis

The former name of a species now known as S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis .

Streptococcus faecalis

The former name of Enterococcus faecalis.

Streptococcus gallolyticus

A species that causes bloodborne infections, esp. in patients with diseases of the large bowel, e.g. colon cancer.

Streptococcus, Group B

Streptococcus agalactiae.

Streptococcus iniae

A species pathogenic to fish that may cause cellulitis in people who handle affected fish and have skin abrasions.

Streptococcus mutans

A species that has been implicated in initiation of dental caries and bacterial endocarditis.

Streptococcus pneumoniae

A species that occurs in pairs with capsules and may be part of the transient flora of the upper respiratory tract. Based on capsular chemistry, more than 80 serological types have been identified. It is the causative agent of certain types of pneumonia, esp. lobar pneumonia, and is associated with other infectious diseases such as meningitis, conjunctivitis, endocarditis, periodontitis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, otitis media, septicemia, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and, rarely, urinary tract infections. About 40,000 people die of pneumococcal disease each year in the U.S., more than from any other vaccine-preventable illness.
Synonym: pneumococcus

Streptococcus pyogenes

Any of the group A ß-hemolytic streptococci causing suppurative infections. These streptococci are the causative agents of scarlet fever, erysipelas, bacterial pharyngitis, puerperal sepsis, and necrotizing fasciitis.

STR

abbrev. SHORT TANDEM REPEAT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leninskiy district police station, 203 Moskovskaya str.
STR will operate within IES's Commercial and Industrial segment and will continue to operate under the STR Mechanical name.
The intersection of DNA STR identification profiles and whole-genome sequencing has begun, and there are obvious societal implications.
In the Speech Recognition in Schools Project (Nisbet & Wilson, 2002; Nisbet et al., 2005), STR technology was used by secondary school students with special educational needs for one semester.
Yield 79%, mp 108-110[degrees]C; IR (DRS): 3080(Ar, C-H str.), 2983(C-H str.), 2561(-SH str.), 1629(C-H bending), 1572(C-H bending), 1525(-C=C-, str.) 1196(C-O-C str.) [cm.sup.-1]; [sup.1]H NMR (400 MHz, CD[Cl.sub.3]): [delta] ppm 2.34(s, 6H, 3CH, 3CH), 2.21-2.46(m, 2H, 2CH), 2.75-2.85(m, 2H, 2CH), 4.90-4.97(dd, J = 12.6 Hz, 6 Hz, [sup.1]H, CH), 6.72-6.95(m, 3H, ArH), 7.24-7.75(m, 3H, ArH), 13.05(s, [sup.1]H, SH).
Bruce Wiechert Custom Homes Inc, 838 Mountaingate Dr; STR - New single family residence; $402,132.
Czech Cultural Centre [100 GS Rakovski Str.; Open: Mon-Fri 9am-5.30pm; Tel: 02/ 815 5430] www.czechcentres.cz/sofia
zemljovid na str. 499) jer se istroromanski nije nikad govorio na o.
The remainder of the paper is organized as follows: literature regarding synchronous teaching and learning with STR are reviewed.
The roots of modern time [exhibition showcasing new research of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences]--Opens on December 6, 6pm at the National Archeological Museum [2 Suborna Str., Open: Tue--Fri 10-5pm, tel.: 02/988 2406].