They also relied on medical records to determine Hb[A.sub.1c] and SMBG
rather than collecting that information along with the actigraphy data.
Use of other devices classified as OTC SMBG
(Product Code NBW) based on the FDA guidance is considered off label in hospitals (14) because these devices have not been evaluated for use in these facilities and, specifically, in vulnerable populations such as critically ill patients.
The factors causing no or irregular SMBG
were analysed from the aspects of staff, knowledge, methods and training (figure 1).
As mentioned previously, only about half of patients with diabetes mellitus are compliant with SMBG
(Hu et al., 2017).
Research staff provided patients with test strips and a diary to record blood glucose values as per the structured SMBG
Persons living with diabetes accessing care at the diabetes clinic of UPTH are encouraged to perform SMBG
. In Nigeria where there is no viable health insurance scheme and payment for medical services is largely 'out of pocket', the cost of SMBG
such as strips, lancets and devices is challenging to the patients.
Besides time trends, we investigated SES, family structure, lifestyle-related variables (body mass index (BMI), physical activity (PA)), glycemic control (HbA1c, self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG
), and number of omitted insulin injections (OII)), and health care-related variables (continuous subcutaneous insulin injection (CSII), participation in a disease management program (DMP), and use of diabetes health card (DHC)) as exposure variables.
Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG
) and in vitro diagnostics in laboratory settings account for 18 per cent and 82 per cent of the market, respectively.
Many patients with type 2 diabetes not treated with insulin regularly perform self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG
), although the value of that practice has been debated.
With a turnover time of 2-3 weeks in blood plasma, it can provide a glycation update on a monthly period that can bring about a significant reduction in daily SMBG
test and thus reducing the substantial healthcare cost.
The purpose of this study was to explore behavioral factors affecting the practice of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG
) within the frame of IMB model of health behavioral among adult patients with type 1 diabetes in a single diabetes clinic in China.
Lastly, the improvement of plasma glucose in placebo group might be an effect of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG
), so we could not demonstrate the difference between two treatment arms.