sacroiliac joint

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the site of the junction or union of two or more bones of the body; its primary function is to provide motion and flexibility to the frame of the body. Some are immovable, such as the sutures where segments of bone are fused together in the skull. Others, such as those between the vertebrae, are gliding joints and have limited motion. However, most joints allow considerable motion. The most common type are the synovial joints, which have a complex internal structure, composed not only of ends of bones but also of ligaments, cartilage, the articular capsule, the synovial membrane, and sometimes bursae.
acromioclavicular joint the point at which the clavicle joins with the acromion.
ankle joint the joint between the foot and the leg; see ankle.
arthrodial joint gliding joint.
ball-and-socket joint a synovial joint in which the rounded or spheroidal surface of one bone (the “ball”) moves within a cup-shaped depression (the “socket”) on another bone, allowing greater freedom of movement than any other type of joint. See illustration. Called also polyaxial or spheroidal joint.
bicondylar joint a condylar joint with a meniscus between the articular surfaces, as in the temporomandibular joint.
cartilaginous joint a type of synarthrosis in which the bones are united by cartilage, providing slight flexible movement; the two types are synchondrosis and symphysis.
composite joint (compound joint) a type of synovial joint in which more than two bones are involved.
condylar joint (condyloid joint) one in which an ovoid head of one bone moves in an elliptical cavity of another, permitting all movements except axial rotation; this type is found at the wrist, connecting the radius and carpal bones, and at the base of the index finger. See illustration.
diarthrodial joint synovial joint.
elbow joint the synovial joint between the humerus, ulna, and radius. See also elbow.
ellipsoidal joint condylar joint.
facet j's the articulations of the vertebral column.
fibrous joint a joint in which the union of bony elements is by continuous intervening fibrous tissue, which makes little motion possible; the three types are suture, syndesmosis, and gomphosis. Called also immovable or synarthrodial joint and synarthrosis.
flail joint an unusually mobile joint, such as results when joint resection is done to relieve pain.
glenohumeral joint the synovial joint formed by the head of the humerus and the glenoid cavity of the scapula. Called also humeral joint and shoulder joint.
gliding joint a synovial joint in which the opposed surfaces are flat or only slightly curved, so that the bones slide against each other in a simple and limited way. The intervertebral joints are this type, and many of the small bones of the wrist and ankle also meet in gliding joints. Called also arthrodial joint and plane joint.
hinge joint a synovial joint that allows movement in only one plane, forward and backward. Examples are the elbow and the interphalangeal joints of the fingers. The jaw is primarily a hinge joint but it can also move somewhat from side to side. The knee and ankle joints are hinge joints that also allow some rotary movement. See illustration. Called also ginglymus.
hip joint the synovial joint formed at the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the hip. See illustration at hip.
humeral joint glenohumeral joint.
immovable joint fibrous j.
knee joint the compound joint between the femur, patella, and tibia.
pivot joint a synovial joint in which one bone pivots within a bony or an osseoligamentous ring, allowing only rotary movement; an example is the joint between the first and second cervical vertebrae (the atlas and axis). See illustration. Called also rotary or trochoid joint.
plane joint gliding joint.
polyaxial joint ball-and-socket joint.
rotary joint pivot joint.
sacroiliac joint the joint between the sacrum and ilium in the lower back; see also sacroiliac joint.
saddle joint a synovial joint whose movement resembles that of a rider on horseback, who can shift in several directions at will; there is a saddle joint at the base of the thumb, so that the thumb is more flexible and complex than the other fingers but is also more difficult to treat if injured.
shoulder joint humeral joint.
simple joint a type of synovial joint in which only two bones are involved.
spheroidal joint ball-and-socket joint.
synarthrodial joint fibrous j.
synovial joint a specialized joint that permits more or less free movement, the union of the bony elements being surrounded by an articular capsule enclosing a cavity lined by synovial membrane. Called also articulation and diarthrosis. A capillary network in the synovial membrane provides nutrients and synovial fluid to nourish and lubricate the joint space. Strong fibrous bands or cords (ligaments) give strength and security to synovial joints. The majority of the body's joints are of this type. They are divided into five types according to structure and motion: ball and socket, gliding, saddle, hinge, and pivot.
trochoid joint pivot joint.
temporomandibular joint (TMJ) a bicondylar joint formed by the head of the mandible and the mandibular fossa, and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone. See also temporomandibular joint disorder.


pertaining to the sacrum and ilium, or the joint formed between them, or to the lower part of the back where they meet.
sacroiliac disease chronic tuberculous inflammation of the sacroiliac joint.
sacroiliac joint the joint formed by the sacrum and ilium where they meet on either side of the lower back. The tight joint allows little motion and is subject to great stress, as the body's weight pushes downward and the legs and pelvis push upward against the joint. The sacroiliac joint must also bear the leverage demands made by the trunk of the body as it turns, twists, pulls, and pushes. When these motions place an excess of stress on the ligaments binding the joint and on the connecting muscles (such as during weight lifting), strain may result.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

sa·cro·il·i·ac joint

the synovial joint on either side between the auricular surface of the sacrum and that of the ilium.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

sa·cro·il·i·ac joint

(sā'krō-il'ē-ak joynt) [TA]
The synovial joint between the sacrum and the ilium.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

sa·cro·il·i·ac joint

(sā'krō-il'ē-ak joynt) [TA]
The synovial joint between the sacrum and the ilium.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
I get a really direct benefit where I have arthritis in the SI joint in my back, and I'm less sore over-all, without popping pain relievers containing harsh chemicals."
The diagnosis is based on a pattern of findings, no single SI joint test is validated and a large variation in reliability is reported.
iMIA is a Level 1 RCT, conducted at nine hospitals in four countries in Europe, that assessed the safety and effectiveness of SI joint fusion, or SIJF, also referred to as SI joint arthrodesis in the manuscript, with the triangular iFuse Implants compared to conservative management, or CM, in patients with chronic SI joint dysfunction.
"Our surgeons are asking for more metal 3D-printed medical solutions to help their patients, and we continue to push forward our R&D to deliver solutions for those who can benefit from surgical treatment of SI joint disorders," said Scott Yerby, chief technology officer of SI-BONE.
"Approximately 15% to 30% of chronic lower back pain can be attributed to the SI joint. Recent improvements in the diagnosis of SI joint dysfunction have guided the emergence of new surgical devices and techniques.
A retrospective analysis on confirmed cases of SI joint dysfunction disclosed that 44% of the cases were associated with a traumatic event, 21% were associated to accumulative trauma like repetitive lifting or altered gait mechanics, and 35% were idiopathic5.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) of the pelvis revealed an effusion of the right SI joint with extensive oedema in the bone marrow and adjacent muscles (Figs.
Under imaging control, a guide wire was passed from the lateral edge of the ilium, perpendicular to the SI joint toward the body of the first sacral vertebra.
This is accomplished through a minimally-invasive, lateral approach that avoids disruption of supporting ligaments around the SI joint, added the company.
The incidence of Sacroiliac joint (SI joint) dysfunction in patients with back pain may range from 15 to 30% [3] and lumbar facet joints may account for 15 to 40% of back pain [4].
In the study of Salari et al., 72 patients were treated with percutaneous screw stabilization of SI joint [18].
After more than a year, I finally discovered that I had damaged part of my pelvis - the SI joint - between my hip and spine.