Russell's viper

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Related to Russell's viper: king cobra, black mamba


1. any snake of the viperid and crotalid families (the true vipers and the pit vipers).
2. a term sometimes used to refer to any venomous snake.
Old World viper true viper.
pit viper any of a family of venomous snakes found in North America including the many types of rattlesnakes (genera Crotalus and Sistrurus), as well as the copperheads and water moccasins (both of genus Agkistrodon).
Russell's viper Vipera russellii, a true viper of Southeast Asia whose venom (Russell's viper venom) is used in blood tests.
true viper any of a large family of venomous snakes found in Africa, parts of Europe, Asia, and adjacent islands, but not in the Americas or Australia; it includes cobras and adders, among others. Called also Old World viper, viperid, and viperine.

Russell's viper

A venomous snake (Daboia russelii) of South and Southeast Asia, characterized by large black-ringed spots on yellow, tan, or light brown skin.
References in periodicals archive ?
All the cases received ASV within the window period of 6 hours and some cases of Russell's viper bites developed renal failure with two cases of mortality.
Epidemiology and clinical picture of the Russell's viper (Daboia russelii russelii) bite in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka: a prospective study of 336 patients.
1 of Russell's viper venom as antigen (1 [mu]g/l 00 [mu]l/well) diluted in phosphate buffered saline (pH 7.
The abilities of PLE-treated mice serum and piperine-treated mice serum to effectively neutralize Russell's viper venom may be due to the fact that snake venom components, PLE and piperine share common epitopes.
Anti-snake venom activities of ethanolic extract of fruits of Piper longum L (Piperaceae) against Russell's viper venom: characterization of piperine as active principle, J.
Somewhere between 40 and 70 milligrams of Russell's viper venom is usually enough to kill a person.
Russell's viper venom can also affect the pituitary gland, the small pea-sized organ involved in hormone production.
The company's UK operations director Mr Neil Grumbridge said: "We had a call to say somebody had been bitten by a Russell's viper.
Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) with its distinctive triangular head, is the most aggressive in terms of noise and behavior.
Along with the spectacled cobra, the Russell's viper is found all over the country and is responsible for much of the twenty to thirty thousand deaths due to snakebites every year in India.
Most of the bites will cause panic reaction, but do not cause envenomation, However, there are few snake species that are venomous and of these four (Big four) namely Russell's viper (Daboia russelii), common cobra (Naja naja), saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) and common krait (Bungarus caeruleus) are highly venomous and believed to be responsible for most of the poisonous bites in India.
The dilute Russell's viper venom test is a phospholipid-limiting assay that helps to identify the lupus anticoagulant, which frequently poses diagnostic problems for the laboratory as well a therapeutic difficulties for the clinician.

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