Rud


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Rud

(rūd),
Einar, early 20th-century Danish physician. See: Rud syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first is that the RUDs are invalid under Article 27 of the Vienna Convention because they, in effect, limit U.
The second argument--which concerns the relationship between the RUDs and customary international law--is more complicated, but no more persuasive.
The third argument is that RUDs are improper because they are an attempt by the United States to ratify the treaties without undertaking any obligations.
The conclusion usually drawn from the argument is that the United States should be bound by all of the provisions of the ICCPR, including provisions to which the RUDs expressly declined consent.
RUDs violate the human rights treaties' "object and purpose.
The United States accepted the prohibitions on genocide and torture and simply attempted, through its RUDs, to clarify the scope of the terms to which it was consenting.
RUDs, all on the ground that the reservations violated the object and purpose of the treaty.
But even if one concluded that the United States's RUDs did violate the object and purpose test and that the violations were not cured by other nations' failure to object to them, it is clearly incorrect to conclude, as the ICCPR's Human Rights Committee and others have, that the United States continues to be bound by the ICCPR, including ICCPR terms to which it did not consent.
RUDs really do violate the object and purpose of the human rights treaties, and the acquiescence of the other parties to the treaties has not rectified this problem, there are only two possible remedies under international law: either the United States is not a party to the treaty provisions with respect to which it has reserved (which yields the same result as if the RUDs were enforced), or the United States is not a party to the treaty at all.
Now that this goal has been achieved, human rights advocates have changed their position, attacking the RUDs on the ground that the flexible approach to reservations adopted in the Vienna Convention is "inappropriate" for human rights treaties.
RUDs are consistent with customary international law principles of treaty formation.
courts are likely to judge the legal validity of the RUDs ultimately by reference to domestic constitutional law.