Roman fever

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Ro·man fe·ver

malignant tertian, falciparum, or estivoautumnal fever, formerly prevalent in the Roman Campagna and in the city of Rome; caused by Plasmodium falciparum.
An antiquated term for malaria, which was so named as the disease was attributed to mala aria—Italian for ‘bad air’
References in classic literature ?
I am afraid," said Winterbourne, "that you will not think Roman fever very pretty.
I don't care," said Daisy in a little strange tone, "whether I have Roman fever or not
He has published two volumes of poetry: The Broken World (U Illinois E 2996) and Roman Fever (Invisible Cities P, 2001).
Robert Ward, whose distinguished career as an opera composer is highlighted by his version of Arthur Miller's Crucible, set to music the Edith Wharton short story Roman Fever in 1993.
Writing of Roman Fever, Bruce Weigl calls Cafagna "a poet of the old way: the singer of songs whose music records and then tells us back the endlessly unfolding story of who we are.
Like the James Joyce of Dubliners, Allende builds each of these stories to a moment to epiphany; like the Edith Wharton of Roman Fever, she poises her characters on the brink of a moment of social change, so that they often seem to be struggling with one foot in the nineteenth century and one in the twentieth.