and clinical decision making--the case of HIV preexposure prophylaxis.
According to the study, people are practising risk compensation
, which means that they generally care less when they sense they have protection or are more careful when in deeper risk.When seat belt laws came into effect, some studies suggested drivers became more likely to speed or drive recklessly.
But the Fire Brigades Union have told Scottish members they can refuse to take part in the training until increased risk compensation
payment has been agreed.
Concerns about risk compensation
have been raised since the advent of medical circumcision.
Telling people about the number of men who have to be circumcised to prevent one HIV infection, rather than a percentage reduction, could make them more cautious (reduce risk compensation
) about behaviours that could lead to HIV acquisition.
Concerns with self-testing include adverse emotional reactions to positive tests, risk compensation
following a negative test, coercion to use tests, and potential partner violence when tests are utilized in relationships.
They weren't, due to training effectiveness and risk compensation
. Training effectiveness is how well training is implemented by pilots.
The meeting also adopted a draft decree completing Decree 1990-1291 on granting contagion risk compensation
to home security officers operating in the Marsa Hospital.
2pm: Risk Compensation
- The Failure of the Seatbelt Law, with John Adams (Emeritus Professor of Geography at University College London).
Another concern is risk compensation
related to PrEP use, (20,21) although data obtained in large trials have shown the opposite: the use of a prevention pill was associated with a significant decrease of high risk sexual behavior.
The big idea here is "risk compensation
" --the subject of an excellent paper by Robert Van Howe and Michelle Storms.
Alongside the successful HIV risk compensation
education interventions for men undergoing circumcision, there is an urgent need to educate women about the fact that male circumcision provides men with only partial protection and that they themselves still need protection.