Incidence of post-operative complication decreased in study group 2 as compared to study group 1 and control group because of continuous peritoneal irrigation by antibiotic-loaded Ringer's lactate
It is recommended that smaller volumes of fluid be used as bolus infusions, starting with 15 ml/kg Ringer's lactate
and using subsequent boluses of 10 ml/kg if improvement is noted and there are no signs of fluid overload.
The decision to establish a fresh IV cannulation was taken, so the Ringer's lactate
infusion was stopped.
This prospective, randomized, controlled trial has shown a reduced incidence of PONV using rapid fluid supplementation (12 ml/kg) with crystalloid (Ringer's lactate
) or colloid (4.5% Hetastarch) as compared to conservative fluid therapy (2ml/kg) in ASA grade I and II females undergoing open cholecystectomy.
Comparison of cardiorespiratory effects of crystalline hemoglobin, whole blood, albumin and Ringer's lactate
in the resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock in dogs.
was then given over a period of 05 minutes.
The bicarbonate in ORS as well as with Ringer's lactate
has potential to immediately neutralize metabolic acidosis associated with diarrhoea.
In contrast to these current treatment guidelines for EAHE, administration of isotonic fluids such as Ringer's lactate
and isotonic saline (0.9%) has repeatedly been demonstrated to prolong recovery (9,10) and result in poorer outcomes.
The most widely used crystalloids, 0.9% saline and balanced salt solutions such as Ringer's lactate
, fall well short of the desired composition (Table I).
Investigators in the multicenter, placebo-controlled trial randomized 34 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery to receive either N,O-carboxymethylchitosan (NOCC) gel and solution in the operative field after surgery or 300 cc of Ringer's lactate
solution as a control.
Both products consist of bovine hemoglobin that has been purified, chemically cross-linked for stability and formulated in a balanced salt solution similar to Ringer's lactate
. These polymerized hemoglobin molecules have no cell membrane, are much smaller than red blood cells, circulate in plasma (the fluid part of blood) when administered, and have a lower viscosity (resistance to flow) and more readily release oxygen to tissues (P50 of 38 mm Hg) than blood.
The severely dehydrated cholera patient may have lost more than 100% of body weight and will need rapid volume replacement with Ringer's Lactate
solution, the only solution readily available in the United States with the electrolyte composition needed for treating cholera (9,10).