rifamycin(redirected from Rifamycin antibiotics)
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any of a family of antibiotics biosynthesized by a strain of Streptomyces mediterranei, effective against a broad spectrum of bacteria. The five components are designated A, B, C, D, and E; rifamycins O, S, and SV are derivatives of the B component, and AG and X are derivatives of the O component. Used for the initial treatment and retreatment of pulmonary tuberculosis and for prevention of meningoccal infections in close contacts of patients with Neisseria meningitidis infections.
Any of a group of antibiotics originally isolated from a strain of the soil microorganism Streptomyces mediterranei, used in the United States to treat tuberculosis and prevent meningococcal infections, and used in other countries to treat leprosy and other bacterial diseases.