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(93) Riedel thyroiditis is a chronic form of thyroid inflammation with diffuse fibrosis in parenchyma and also in surrounding perithyroidal tissues.
(1,2) In rare cases, orbital pseudotumors have been associated with other fibroinflammatory diseases, such as retroperitoneal fibrosis, sclerosing cholangitis, Riedel thyroiditis, mediastinal fibrosis, and fibrosis of the lung, parotid gland, and lacrimal glands.
Fewer than 300 cases have been reported in the literature since it was first described by Jura in 1924.[1,2] It has been reported under many different names; the names most frequently used in the literature, in addition to sclerosing mesenteritis, include mesenteric lipodystrophy, mesenteric panniculitis, and retractile mesenteritis.[3] It has also been described as part of multifocal or systemic fibrosclerosis, a disease spectrum that also includes retroperitoneal fibrosis, sclerosing mediastinitis, Riedel thyroiditis, and orbital pseudotumor.[4]