Rickettsia prowazekii


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Related to Rickettsia prowazekii: typhus fever, Rickettsia rickettsii

Rick·ett·si·a pro·wa·ze·ki·i

a bacterial species causing epidemic and recrudescent typhus, transmitted by body lice; type species of the genus Rickettsia.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Rick·ett·si·a pro·wa·ze·ki·i

(ri-ket'sē-ă prō-vă-zek'ē-ī)
A bacterial species causing epidemic and recrudescent typhus, transmitted by body lice; type species of the genus Rickettsia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Rickettsia prowazekii

The causative agent of epidemic typhus. It is spread by the human body louse. Unlike most other rickettsias, humans are the primary reservoir for R. prowazekii, which was once thought to be a strictly human pathogen. Flying squirrels may be animal reservoirs, and humans acquire infection from their lice or fleas.
Synonym: louse-borne typhus
See also: Rickettsia
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Ricketts,

Howard T., U.S. pathologist, 1871-1910.
Rickettsia akari - a species causing human rickettsialpox.
Rickettsia australis - a species causing a spotted fever.
Rickettsia conrii - an African species probably causing boutonneuse fever.
Rickettsia prowazekii - a species causing epidemic typhus.
Rickettsia rickettsii - the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Rickettsia sibirica - the agent of Siberian or North Asian tick typhus.
Rickettsia tsutsugamushi - a species causing tsutsugamushi disease and scrub typhus.
Rickettsia typhi - a species causing murine or endemic typhus fever.
rickettsial - pertaining to or caused by rickettsiae.
rickettsialpox - an acute disease caused by Rickettsia akari; transmitted by the mite.
rickettsiosis - infection with rickettsiae.
rickettsiostatic - an agent inhibitory to the growth of Rickettsia.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Role of the nitric oxide synthase pathway in the inhibition of growth of interferon-sensitive and interferon-resistant Rickettsia prowazekii strains in L929 cells treated with tumor necrosis factor alpha and gamma interferon.
Relationship of tumor necrosis factor alpha, the nitric oxide synthase pathway, and lipopolysaccharide to the killing of gamma interferon-treated macrophagelike RAW264.7 cells by Rickettsia prowazekii. Infect.
(age, y) Fever, ([dagger]) [degrees]C Headache Photophobia Hospitalized 1 (31) 39.6 Yes No Yes 2 (39) 40.3 Yes Yes Yes 3 (26) 39.4 No No No 4 (26) 39.8 Yes Yes No * Ig, immunoglobulin titer against Rickettsia prowazekii; ND, not done.
Mapping of monoclonal antibody binding sites on CNBr fragments of the S-layer protein antigens of Rickettsia typhi and Rickettsia prowazekii. Mol Immunol.
Multispacer typing of Rickettsia prowazekii enabling epidemiological studies of epidemic typhus.
Real-time PCR duplex assay for Rickettsia prowazekii and.
Strains used in real-time PCR * Strains Source Rickettsia prowazekii Breinl ATCC R.
Typhus fever from Rickettsia prowazekii infection is a severe and occasionally fatal disease in humans.
The body louse, Pediculus humanus corporis, is the vector of three human pathogens: Rickettsia prowazekii, the agent of epidemic typhus; Borrelia recurrentis, the agent of relapsing fever; and Bartonella quintana, the agent of trench fever, bacillary angiomatosis, endocarditis, chronic bacteremia, and chronic lymphadenopathy (1).
trachomatis 1.04 894 Deinococcus radiodurans 3.28 3193 Escherichia coli 4.60 4288 Haemophilus influenzae 1.83 1692 Helicobacterpylori 1.66 1657 Mycobacterium tuberculosis 4.41 3924 Mycoplasma genitalium 0.58 470 Mycobacterium pneumoniae 0.81 677 Rickettsia prowazekii 1.11 834 Synechocystis sp.