Rickettsia australis


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Rick·ett·si·a aus·tra·lis

a bacterial species causing a spotted fever, North Queensland tick typhus, clinically and serologically similar to the disease caused by the agent of rickettsialpox; Ixodes holocyclus and I. tasmani are probable vectors. Small marsupials are suspected reservoirs of this agent, which is found over much of coastal Queensland in Australia, especially in secondary scrub and savannah.

Ricketts,

Howard T., U.S. pathologist, 1871-1910.
Rickettsia akari - a species causing human rickettsialpox.
Rickettsia australis - a species causing a spotted fever.
Rickettsia conrii - an African species probably causing boutonneuse fever.
Rickettsia prowazekii - a species causing epidemic typhus.
Rickettsia rickettsii - the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Rickettsia sibirica - the agent of Siberian or North Asian tick typhus.
Rickettsia tsutsugamushi - a species causing tsutsugamushi disease and scrub typhus.
Rickettsia typhi - a species causing murine or endemic typhus fever.
rickettsial - pertaining to or caused by rickettsiae.
rickettsialpox - an acute disease caused by Rickettsia akari; transmitted by the mite.
rickettsiosis - infection with rickettsiae.
rickettsiostatic - an agent inhibitory to the growth of Rickettsia.

Rickettsia

a genus of small, rod-shaped, round to pleomorphic microorganisms in the order Rickettsiales. They are true bacteria, gram-negative, and cultivable only in living tissues. Transmitted by lice and ticks, they cause disease in humans and domestic animals but are also found in the cytoplasm of tissue cells of lice, fleas, ticks and mites, which may act as reservoirs and vectors. See also ehrlichia and coxiella.

Rickettsia akari
causes rickettsial pox in humans, mice and rats.
Rickettsia australis
causes queensland tick typhus in humans, small marsupials, rats.
Rickettsia canadensis
causes new typhus in humans and rabbits.
Rickettsia conjunctivae
see Chlamydophila pecorum.
Rickettsia conorii
causes boutonneuse fever in humans and dogs and small feral mammals.
Rickettsia ovina
see Ehrlichia ovina.
Rickettsia phagocytophila
see Anaplasmaphagocytophila.
Rickettsia prowazeki
causes epidemic typhus in humans and possibly cattle, sheep and goats.
Rickettsia rickettsii
causes spotted fever in humans and many feral animals, especially rodents and in dogs and birds. See also rocky mountain spotted fever.
Rickettsia ruminantium
see Ehrlichiaruminantium.
Rickettsia rupricaprae
see Mycoplasmaconjunctivae.
Rickettsia sibirica
causes Siberian tick typhus in humans and many feral mammals, especially rodents.
Rickettsia tsutsugamushi
Rickettsia typhi
causes murine typhus in humans and the brown rat.