ribosome(redirected from Ribosomes)
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Related to Ribosomes: endoplasmic reticulum
A granule of ribonucleoprotein, 120-200 Ǻ in diameter, that is the site of protein synthesis from aminoacyl-tRNAs as directed by mRNAs.
Synonym(s): Palade granule
A structure composed of RNA and protein, present in large numbers in the cytoplasm of living cells and serving as the site for assembly of polypeptides encoded by messenger RNA.
ri′bo·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.
A granule of ribonucleoprotein, 120-150 Å in diameter, which is the site of protein synthesis from aminoacyl-tRNAs as directed by mRNAs.
ribosomeA spherical cell ORGANELLE made of RNA and protein which is the site of protein synthesis in the cell by linking amino acids into chains. Ribosomes may be free or may be attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. During translation, ribosomes attach to MESSENGER RNA molecules and travel along them, synthesizing polypeptides as they go.
ribosomea small particle (not an ORGANELLE) found in the cytoplasm of all cells, composed of protein and RIBOSOMAL RNA. Each ribosome is composed of two subunits of different sizes which sediment at different rates during centrifugation (see ULTRACENTRIFUGE). PROKARYOTES have ribosome with 70 S size and mass; EUKARYOTES have larger ribosomes with 80 S size and mass. Ribosomes bind to the 5′ end of MESSENGER RNA (see POLYNUCLEOTIDE CHAIN) and travel towards the 3′ end, with TRANSLATION and POLYPEPTIDE synthesis occurring as they go along. Frequently several ribosomes are attached to one piece of mRNA, forming a POLYRIBOSOME.
Palade,George Emil, Romanian-U.S. cell biologist and Nobel laureate, 1912–.
Palade granule - a granule of ribonucleoprotein, the site of protein synthesis from aminoacyl-tRNAs as directed by mRNAs. Synonym(s): ribosome
Weibel-Palade bodies - see under Weibel