vasomotor rhinitis

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rhinitis

 [ri-ni´tis]
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose; it may be either mild and chronic or acute. Viruses, bacteria, and allergens are responsible for its varied manifestations. Often a viral rhinitis is complicated by a bacterial infection caused by streptococci, staphylococci, and pneumococci or other bacteria. hay fever, an acute type of allergic rhinitis, is also subject to bacterial complications. Many factors assist the invasion of the mucous membranes by bacteria, including allergens, excessive dryness, exposure to dampness and cold, excessive inhalation of dust, and injury to the nasal cilia due to viral infection.



It usually is not serious, but some forms may be contagious. The mucous membrane of the nose becomes swollen and there is a nasal discharge. Some types are accompanied by fever, muscle aches, and general discomfort with sneezing and running eyes. Breathing through the nose may become difficult or impossible. Often rhinitis is accompanied by inflammation of the throat and sinuses. If bacterial infection develops, the nasal discharge is thick and contains pus.

Acute rhinitis is the medical term for the common cold. Chronic rhinitis may result in permanent thickening of the nasal mucosa. Treatment of rhinitis is aimed at eliminating the primary cause and administration of decongestants to relieve nasal congestion.
acute rhinitis common cold.
allergic rhinitis any allergic reaction of the nasal mucosa, occurring perennially (nonseasonal allergic rhinitis) or seasonally (hay fever).
atrophic rhinitis a chronic form of nonallergic noninfectious rhinitis marked by wasting of the mucous membrane and the glands. It is sometimes the result of trauma, vascular damage by radiation therapy, and environmental irritants, and disease has also been implicated.
rhinitis caseo´sa that with a caseous, gelatinous, and fetid discharge.
fibrinous rhinitis membranous rhinitis.
hypertrophic rhinitis that with thickening and swelling of the mucous membrane.
membranous rhinitis chronic rhinitis with the formation of a false membrane, as in nasal diphtheria; called also fibrinous rhinitis.
nonseasonal allergic rhinitis allergic rhinitis occurring continuously or intermittently all year round, due to exposure to a more or less ever-present allergen, marked by sudden attacks of sneezing, swelling of the nasal mucosa with profuse watery discharge, itching of the eyes, and lacrimation. Called also nonseasonal or perennial hay fever.
seasonal allergic rhinitis hay fever.
vasomotor rhinitis
1. nonallergic rhinitis in which transient changes in vascular tone and permeability (with the same symptoms of allergic rhinitis) are brought on by such stimuli as mild chilling, fatigue, anger, and anxiety.
2. any condition of allergic or nonallergic rhinitis, as opposed to infectious rhinitis.

va·so·mo·tor rhi·ni·tis

swelling of nasal mucous membrane and rhinorrhea without infection or allergy.

vasomotor rhinitis

chronic rhinitis and nasal obstruction, without allergy or infection, characterized by sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, and vascular engorgement of the mucous membranes of the nose. A vaporizer or humidifier and systemic vasoconstrictive agents are used to alleviate discomfort. Nose drops and nasal sprays should be avoided because continued use may cause further vasodilation of the mucous membrane and aggravation of the condition. Topical vasoconstrictors should also be avoided because the nasal mucous membrane loses sensitivity to stimuli. Vasomotor rhinitis is common in pregnancy.

vasomotor rhinitis

ENT Rhinitis characterized by intermittent episodic sneezing, rhinorrhea, and congestion of nasal mucosa, attributed to hypersensitivity to dry air, air pollutants, spicy food, alcohol, emotion, drugs. See Rhinitis.

va·so·mo·tor rhi·ni·tis

(vā'sō-mō'tŏr rī-nī'tis)
Congestion of nasal mucosa without infection or allergy.

rhinitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. It may be mild and chronic, or acute. There are signs of wheezing, sneezing and respiratory stertor at all levels. There is a strong nasal discharge which may be serous to purulent.

allergic rhinitis, anaphylactic rhinitis
any allergic reaction of the nasal mucosa, occurring perennially (nonseasonal allergic rhinitis) or seasonally.
atrophic rhinitis
see atrophic rhinitis.
bovine atopic rhinitis
see enzootic nasal granuloma.
catarrhal rhinitis
the common form of rhinitis with a transitory catarrhal discharge.
familial allergic rhinitis
a rarely recorded disease of cattle.
fibrinous rhinitis
rhinitis with development of a false membrane.
hypertrophic rhinitis
that with thickening and swelling of the mucous membrane.
inclusion body rhinitis
see inclusion body rhinitis.
membranous rhinitis
chronic rhinitis with a membranous exudate.
necrotic rhinitis
see necrotic rhinitis.
parasitic rhinitis
see pneumonyssuscaninum.
polypous rhinitis
chronic rhinitis associated with polyps in the nasal cavity.
pseudomembranous rhinitis
coagulated discharge clings to the mucosa like a membrane but can be peeled off without leaving a mucosal lesion.
purulent rhinitis
chronic rhinitis with formation of pus.
vasomotor rhinitis
1. nonallergic rhinitis in which transient changes in vascular tone and permeability (with the same symptoms of allergic rhinitis).
2. any condition of allergic or nonallergic rhinitis, as opposed to infectious rhinitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Carbinoxamine Maleate 4mg Tablet is indicated to treat seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis due to inhalant allergens and food, mild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema, dermatographism, as therapy for anaphylactic reactions adjunctive to epinephrine and other standard measures after acute manifestations have been controlled and amelioration of the severity of allergic reactions to blood or plasma.
Cornerstone BioPharma's national sales force will promote the AlleRx[TM] product line for the temporary relief of symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, sinusitis, and the common cold.
The most common clinical syndromes that cause nasal congestion are allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, and upper respiratory viral infections (common colds).