Traditional Iranian medicine (TIM) has been used since the ancient times by scientists such as Ibn-Sina (Avicenna, 980-1037 CE), and Al-Razi (Rhazes
, 865-925 CE).
Al-Razi (known to the West as Rhazes
) made great strides in the field of medicine Iqbal adored Mawlana Jalaluddin Rumi of Balkh and Fariduddin Attar of Nishapur, and censured Ibn Sina of Bukhara, Al-Razi of Rey and Al-Farabi of modern-day Kazakhstan.
228 the authors plead that the documentation for the influence of Indian medicine is "very vague," but recent work such as Oliver Kahl's The Sanskrit, Syriac and Persian Sources in the Comprehensive Book of Rhazes
(Brill, 2015) (listed in the bibliography, but scarcely used in the text) shows just how much information is available.
was one of the Persian physicians acknowledged as a pharmacist, chemist and prominent scientific writer on various subjects of chemistry, medicine and philosophy.
(6) This is further established by the author's frequent references to his practice as a physician, and to classical authorities such as Avicenna, Rhazes
, Pliny, Mesue, Serapio and Galen.
Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is a popular complementary practice among Iranians and nowadays a tidal trend of studies are being undertaken to assess its therapeutic recommendations.6 The main medical books of TPM, such as al-Hawi fi al-tibb by Rhazes
, Kamil al-Sinayah al-Tibbiyah by Haly Abbas, al-Qanun fi al-tibb by Avicenna, and Zakhireye Kharazmshahi by Esama'il Gorgani, have separate chapters about the diseases of skin and hair.
Abubakr Muhammad Ibn Zakaria Razi (Rhazes
) (865-925 AD) was a student of neuroanatomy and described for the first time the recurrent nerve as a mixed sensory and motor nerve (Shoja & Tubbs, 2007).
The scholarship of Abu Bakr Muhummad Ibn Zakariyya ar-Razi (Rhazes
) made the distinction between smallpox and measles, as well as introduced the use of mercurial ointments and hot moist compresses in surgery.
The scientist biography pages are also a great addition as they highlight a good variety of people including Albert Einstein, Mary Anning, Rhazes
(Iranian Biologist and Chemist) and Dimitri Mendeleev.
Two outstanding men, known by their westernized names are: Al-Razi, known in the West by his Latin name, Rhazes
(865-925), who wrote "Practical Ethics", and Ibn Sina, also known in the West by a Latinized name, Avicenna (980-1037), wrote in the spirit of Hippocrates and Galen, but emphasizing the importance of religious beliefs .