Conclusions: Knowledge about blood groups, Rh incompatibility and its complications during pregnancy and after child birth was very low and needs to be addressed through public education.
Questionnaire included information on maternal and child health, complications of Rh incompatibility during and after pregnancy, its risk to new born, prevention of Rh disease, consultation of health care providers during pregnancy and number of visits tohealth care centre during pregnancy etc.
Independent studies of Rh incompatibility and schizophrenia are under way, according to Hollister's group.
Genes determine whether an individual possesses RhD-positive or RhD-negative antigens, so Rh incompatibility probably clusters in some families.
We should take necessary steps to prevent Rh incompatibility
by providing appropriate antenatal care consisting of administration of Anti-D Immunoglobulin to unsensitised Rh negative mothers.
G6PD deficiency was encountered as the most common cause (23%) followed by ABO incompatibility (20%), Rh incompatibility (16%), preterm (14%), exaggerated physiological (12%), sepsis (10%), miscellaneous (7%).
CONCLUSION: G6PD deficiency and ABO incompatibility were commonest causes requiring exchange transfusion followed by Rh incompatibility, preterm, exaggerated physiological, sepsis, miscellaneous causes.
In present study total number of cases of placental grade-II is 66 cases out of which 2 cases of anemia, 1 case of APH, one case BOH, one case breech, 2cases of hypothyroidism, 3 cases oligohydramnios, 5 cases pre-eclampsia, 2 cases poly hydramnios, 1 case post datism, 3 cases of previous section 5 cases of PROM, 1 case of Rh incompatibility
, 3 cases of twins and 36 cases without any risk factor.
There was no history of Diabetes, Hypertension, RH incompatibility
and TORCH group of infections.