transcranial magnetic stimulation

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transcranial magnetic stimulation

Neurology A technique in which a high-intensity, 1 msec magnetic pulse is administered over the skull, disrupting normal brain activity, causing neurons to misfire

transcranial magnetic stimulation

Abbreviation: TMS
The application of pulses from a magnetic coil to induce electrical currents in specific parts of the brain. This treatment has been used in experimental neuroscience to study the activity of different areas of the brain, and in psychiatry as a noninvasive alternative to electroconvulsive therapy.
See also: stimulation

Transcranial magnetic stimulation

A procedure used to treat patients with depression.

transcranial magnetic stimulation,

n a diagnostic tool comparable to a nerve conduction study; uses a surface magnetic impulse over a client's head, and electrical stimulation over the neck, thus resulting in stimulation of the upper motor neurons and nerve tract so that the timing of electrical impulse from the brain to the muscle can be measured. Has also been used to treat neurologic conditions, such as migraine, epilepsy, insomnia, depression, and alcoholism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Should we expand the toolbox of psychiatric treatment methods to include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)?
Effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the contralesional primary motor cortex on movement kinematics and neural activity in subcortical stroke.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a non-invasive brain stimulation technique when given a high frequency of rTMS in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex has been shown to reduce nicotine craving in those with nicotine dependence.
Evidence-based guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS).
A randomized, controlled trial with 6-month follow up of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy for severe depression.
Subthreshold low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation selectively decreases facilitation in the motor cortex.
A randomized trial comparing repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation given 3 days/week and 5 days/week for the treatment of major depression: is efficacy related to the duration of treatment or the number of treatments?
Evidence shows that Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) produces significant positive outcomes and could be an effective treatment strategy for alternative management of clinical depression.
An open study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in treatment-resistant depression with Parkinson's disease.
Improvement in smell and taste dysfunction after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.
The new repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) device builds on the premise of a TMS device marketed by NeuroStar and approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating depression.