transcranial magnetic stimulation

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transcranial magnetic stimulation

Neurology A technique in which a high-intensity, 1 msec magnetic pulse is administered over the skull, disrupting normal brain activity, causing neurons to misfire

transcranial magnetic stimulation

Abbreviation: TMS
The application of pulses from a magnetic coil to induce electrical currents in specific parts of the brain. This treatment has been used in experimental neuroscience to study the activity of different areas of the brain, and in psychiatry as a noninvasive alternative to electroconvulsive therapy.
See also: stimulation

Transcranial magnetic stimulation

A procedure used to treat patients with depression.

transcranial magnetic stimulation,

n a diagnostic tool comparable to a nerve conduction study; uses a surface magnetic impulse over a client's head, and electrical stimulation over the neck, thus resulting in stimulation of the upper motor neurons and nerve tract so that the timing of electrical impulse from the brain to the muscle can be measured. Has also been used to treat neurologic conditions, such as migraine, epilepsy, insomnia, depression, and alcoholism.
References in periodicals archive ?
A randomized, controlled trial with 6-month follow up of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy for severe depression.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation versus electroconvulsive therapy for major depression: preliminary results of a randomized trial.
Subthreshold low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation selectively decreases facilitation in the motor cortex.
Is it time to introduce repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation into standard clinical practice for the treatment of depressive disorders?
Therapeutic efficacy of bilateral prefrontal slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in depressed patients with Parkinson's disease: an open study.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is as effective as fluoxetine in the treatment of depression in patients with Parkinson's disease.
A randomized trial comparing repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation given 3 days/week and 5 days/week for the treatment of major depression: is efficacy related to the duration of treatment or the number of treatments?
Previous studies have suggested that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) might be as effective as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), while sparing patients some of the cognitive side effects.
discussed brain stimulation techniques and reviewed efficacy data for investigational and FDA-approved treatment options for treatment-resistant depression including electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), magnetic seizure therapy (MST) and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy.
Jorge reported repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation produced a promising dose-response relationship in preliminary results with 74 patients.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation shows promise as a treatment for poststroke depression in patients who prove refractory to other forms of therapy according to Dr.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is as effective as ECT in treating patients with severe depression, according to results of a recent study conducted by Dr.