renal transplantation


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Related to renal transplantation: Nitrogenous waste

re·nal trans·plan·ta·tion

transplantation of a kidney from a compatible donor to restore kidney function in a recipient suffering from renal failure.

re·nal trans·plan·ta·tion

(rēnăl trans'plan-tāshŭn)
Surgical transplantation of a kidney from a compatible donor to restore kidney function in a recipient suffering from renal failure.

renal transplantation

Grafting of a kidney from a living donor or from a cadaver to someone with renal failure. It is used as the definitive form of renal replacement for patients with kidney failure. Tissue typing for human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) as well as ABO blood groups is used to decrease the likelihood of acute or chronic rejection. Family members are often the best-matched donors. In patients with diabetes mellitus, combined renal and pancreatic transplants are sometimes performed with a very high likelihood of success. The high success rate of kidney transplants (85% to 95% at 2 years) is primarily due to immunosuppressive drugs such as corticosteroids, cyclosporine, mycophenolate, and tacrolimus. Because cyclosporine is nephrotoxic, careful monitoring of serum drug levels after transplantation is required. Synonym: kidney transplantationmajor histocompatibility complex; suppressive immunotherapy;
See also: transplantation
References in periodicals archive ?
All adult patients with end stage renal disease undergoing elective live donor renal transplantation were enrolled over a 10-month period.
Management of urological complications after renal transplantation. Urologe A 2015; 54(10): 1385-92.
Duclos et al., "Prediction of delayed graft function after renal transplantation," Canadian Urological Association Journal, vol.
Mcmaster, "Successful cadaveric renal transplantation from a donor who died of cyanide poisoning," British Medical Journal (Clinical Research ed.), vol.
Pregnancy after renal transplantation: points to consider.
Urinary tract infection (ITU) is the most common bacterial infection in renal transplantation, with a variable incidence of 6-86% of the recipients.
What are the implications of prolonged FHC use, with specific reference to renal transplantation?
Renal transplantation is one of the most effective options for the treatment of chronic renal failure in children [1, 2].
Renal transplantation under prophylactic eculizumab in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome with CFH/CFHR1 hybrid protein.
Thus, it is important to make a careful selection among elderly candidates for renal transplantation.