relaxation techniques


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to relaxation techniques: Progressive Muscle Relaxation

relaxation

 [re″lak-sa´shun]
a lessening of tension.
relaxation/breathing techniques in the omaha system, activities that relieve muscle tension, induce a quiet body response, and rebuild energy resources; this may include deep breathing exercises, imagery, meditation, and other techniques.
force relaxation the decrease in the amount of force required to maintain a tissue at a set amount of displacement or deformation over time.
progressive relaxation a method of deep muscle relaxation based on the premise that muscle tension is the body's physiological response to anxiety-provoking thoughts and that muscle relaxation blocks anxiety.
progressive muscle relaxation
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation.
relaxation techniques methods used to promote lessening of tension, reduction of anxiety, and management of pain. Physiologic effects include a decrease in pulse rate, respiratory rate and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and elimination, blood pressure, metabolic rate, and muscle tension. Additionally, relaxation can cause peripheral vasodilation and increased peripheral temperature.



Relaxation techniques include full-body relaxation, color exchange, in which a discomfort is given a color and eliminated, and listening to restful music or meditative sounds. Such techniques are helpful in many situations in which persons are tense, in pain, highly stressed, or anxious. They can be useful in the treatment of asthma, hyperventilation, high blood pressure, Raynaud's disease, headache, and peptic ulcers.

Though varied, techniques have several features in common: rhythmic breathing, reduced muscle tension, and an altered state of consciousness. In the latter, the relaxed person sinks into an alpha level of consciousness, which falls between full consciousness and unconsciousness. In this state thought processes become less logical and more associative and creative; hence, one is more receptive to positive suggestions, and better able to concentrate on a single mental image or idea. Upon returning from the alpha state of consciousness to full consciousness one feels rested and more alert.

relaxation techniques

methods for reducing physiological arousal or cognitive anxiety. progressive muscular relaxation a relaxation technique that involves successively tensing and relaxing different skeletal muscle groups in the body. Also known as Jacobson's progressive relaxation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Much research points to the use of relaxation techniques in mental health.
From the mid-time in both relaxation techniques VLF started to increase and reached a peak in the 13th minute: 21.
As students practice the relaxation techniques presented, they can watch real-time graphs of their physiological responses.
Various relaxation techniques show to be able to decrease anxiety levels and increase quality of life in community samples.
Participants will be taught goal setting and strategic thinking, as well as stress management, self empowerment and relaxation techniques.
In a study with 25 participants, the use of such relaxation techniques diminished their anxiety and fear of needles, and improved their ability to sleep, said Mr.
The course agenda includes: managing symptoms such as pain and tiredness; dealing with anger, fear and frustration; coping with stress and depression; eating healthily; relaxation techniques and exercise; improved communication with others; and planning for the future.
Topics will include relaxation techniques, exercise, healthy eating and dealing with tiredness.
If you are a regular stress sufferer then try yoga, Tai Chi or some sort of exercise that involves relaxation techniques.
David Byron, a senior specialist educational psychologist for Hampshire County Council, studied the ten pupils at the centre along with 10 others being taught more traditional relaxation techniques.
Relaxation for Mind & Body is designed to help employees identify and reduce stressors through learned relaxation techniques, and learn coping skills and stress management techniques, including deep breathing, visualization, and progressive muscle relaxation.
In addition to regularly taking Topamax, Farwell -- who also receives treatment for back pain -- has cut down on caffeine and goes through relaxation techniques to help keep the pain at bay.