refugee

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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
Overall, Belonging and Transnational Refugee Settlement should be applauded for emphasizing the need to recognize the complexity of refugee lives, and to rethink the dominant assumptions that so often render refugees through singular frames of victimhood.
He told the semi-official Sudan Media Center (SMC) that the government provides food, shelter, health and education services for these refugees on monthly bases which have adversely impacted on the host communities.
For Pakistan, the challenge remains to turn around a national debate that is suspicious of or outright hostile to Afghan refugees. It is nearly 40 years since the start of the refugee crisis and two generations of Afghans in Pakistan have known only this country as their home.
Informed by our study in Berlin, we identified the following five key policy recommendations to better equip stakeholders in the United States to support the integration of refugees in urban areas and dispel myths about refugee assistance: (1) strengthen civil society through government funding and public engagement; (2) establish a common framework for providing English language services to refugees; (3) fund or establish strategic partnerships with alternative education programs for refugees; (4) create and support entrepreneurship programs for newly arrived refugees; and (5) encourage collaboration between the government and private sector to invest in alternative forms of refugee housing.
UNHCR called on governments, private sector, educational organisations and donors to fund a new initiative aimed at kick-starting secondary education for refugees.
Safron Secretary Mohammad Aslam, Chief Commissioner Afghan Refugees Salim Iqbal and other officials were in attendance.
Addressing the participants, Minister Shehryar Afridi said that Pakistan is perhaps the only country across the world that has integrated refugees with the mainstream society per the UN recommendations.
Panian camp is situated since 1980s and around 65,000 Afghan refugees live here.
They show what can be achieved, against all odds, through resilience, determination and dedication to what you love.' Coming from Afghanistan, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Islamic Republic of Iran, South Sudan, Sudan and Syria, the Refugee Scholarship-Holders are competing in athletics, badminton, boxing, judo, karate, swimming, taekwondo and weightlifting.
He said Pakistan was proud of its historic role and contribution in shaping the normative and legal regime for protection of refugees.
At the level of the Arab countries, the percentage of Palestinian refugees registered with UNRWA in Jordan, amounted up to about 39% of the total Palestinian refugees while the percentage of Palestinian refugees registered with UNRWA in Lebanon and Syria reached about 9% and 11% respectively.
Many countries do not allow refugees to work legally or they impose significant limitations on work for refugees, such as limiting them to specific sectors, requiring fees for work permits, demanding extensive paperwork from both refugees and potential employers, and imposing wait periods of many months before a refugee can work.