The homologous recombination pathway
is complex and involves a number of genes.
Because higher [R.sub.k] value could suppress the back-electron recombination at the Ti[O.sub.2] photoanode/electrolyte interface and then increases [V.sub.OC], in contrast, surface state and oxygen vacancy acting as recombination pathway
could simultaneously decrease [R.sub.k].
This parallel recombination pathway
reduces the probability that photoexcited charges participate in the photocatalytic reaction.
An inductive recombination pathway
on account of charge-transfer current  is incorporated into the circuit, consisting of a recombination resistance ([R.sub.rec]) in series with an inductor (L).
Immediately after the damage is repaired; often by the homologous recombination pathway
(error free) or the non homologous end join repair pathway (error prone), the gamma 2HAX disappears.
(d) Data from a RAD51 protein nuclear foci assay in which the ability for cells to increase the nuclear fraction of RAD51 foci (required for homologous recombination pathway
of DSb repair) at sites of DNA damage is measured using fluorescent microscopy.
Importantly, these mechanisms are intimately linked not only to gamete formation, but also to the general recombination pathways
that all cells use to maintain genome stability.
Verhoeven, "Distance dependence of singlet and triplet charge recombination pathways
in a series of rigid bichromophoric systems," The Journal of Physical Chemistry.