Raynaud's phenomenon


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Raynaud's phenomenon

 [ra-nōz´]
intermittent bilateral attacks of ischemia of the fingers or toes and sometimes the ears or nose, marked by severe pallor, and often accompanied by paresthesia and pain; it is brought on characteristically by cold or emotional stimuli and relieved by heat, and is due to an underlying disease or anatomical abnormality. When the condition is idiopathic or primary it is termed raynaud's disease.

Raynaud's phenomenon

(rā-nōz′)
n.
Narrowing of the arteries and arterioles of the fingers and toes, often triggered by cold or stress, resulting in blanching, cyanosis, numbness, pain, and, in extreme cases, gangrene.

Raynaud's phenomenon

The term given to the symptoms of RAYNAUD'S DISEASE when the cause is known. Raynaud's phenomenon may be caused by any form of narrowing arterial disease, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS, Buerger's disease (THROMBOANGIITIS OBLITERANS), EMBOLISM, THROMBOSIS, diabetic large vessel disease, RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS or SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS. It may also be caused by repetitive strain or strong vibration or artery-constricting drugs or poisons. The treatment is the management of the cause.

Raynaud's phenomenon

Intermittant ischemia (deficient blood flow) of the fingers or toes, sometimes also affecting the ears and nose.
Mentioned in: Myxoma
References in periodicals archive ?
The addition of Raynaud's phenomenon and nail fold capillary microscopy and systemic sclerosis selective antibodies as additional minor criteria improve the sensitivity of these criteria.5 This study intended to explore the cutaneous and systemic features of patients of SSc in the East-central part of India.
However, its use in severe Raynaud's phenomenon is a recent therapeutic possibility (12).
The pale appearance of the fingers was considered to be due to Raynaud's phenomenon (Figure 1).
Raynaud's phenomenon may be the initial manifestation of systemic sclerosis.
11 Raynaud's phenomenon with trophic abnormalities in digits, is frequently seen in MCTD and represents the initial manifestation of the disease.
Secondary Raynaud's phenomenon is usually associated with autoimmune conditions, which is when the body's immune system attacks healthy tissue.
Pregnancy outcomes in females diagnosed with SLE before and after pregnancy were compared, and the associations with lupus nephritis, positive anti-Ro/SSA antibody, positive La/SSB antibody, C3 and C4, high blood pressure, positive aCL antibody, Raynaud's phenomenon, and lupus recurrence were evaluated.
To the Editor: A 65-year-old woman with calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia (CREST) syndrome was admitted to hospital because of progressive dyspnea on exertion for about 1 year.
Purpose: The aim of the study was the assessment of the influence of MLS laser therapy on morphological changes in nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC), clinical features, and the serum NO level in patients with primary and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP).
Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a disorder characterized by episodic vasospastic attacks of the small blood vessels that supply the skin of the digits that is precipitated by exposure to cold or emotional stress.
Raynaud's phenomenon, where there is an exaggerated vasoconstriction of peripheral blood vessels, can precede the diagnosis for manyyears [1].
Here we describe a case of bilateral brachial artery disease presenting with features of Raynaud's phenomenon which was successfully treated with angioplasty and stenting.