Rauvolfia serpentina


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rauwolfia

Herbal medicine
A plant native to India that contains reserpine, an alkaloid. Rauwolfia is antipyretic and emmenagogic; it has been used as an ayurvedic herbal medicine for depression, diarrhoea, colic in infants and hypertension. It has also been used as an antidote to snake poison. 

Toxicity
Abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, oedema, hypotension, sedation, coma, possibly death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rauvolfia serpentina was used by Kaviraj 2 for treatment of severe rheumatism, sprain, and snake bite, any of which can cause neurological disturbances because of associated pain or fear.
Drug Medical Use Plant Species Aspirin Analgesic, inflammation Filipendula ulmaria Atropine Ophthalmology Atropo belladonna Camphor Rheumatic pain Cinnamomum camphora Morphine Analgesic Papaver somniferum Quinine Malaria prophylaxis Cinchona pubescens Reserpine Hypertension Rauvolfia serpentina Vinblastine Hodgkin's disease Catharanthus roseus Drug Family Aspirin Rosaceae Atropine Solanaceae Camphor Lauraceae Morphine Papaveraceae Quinine Rubiaceae Reserpine Apocynaceae Vinblastine Apocynaceae Table 2.
The cultivation of Plantago ovata (isabgol), Catha-ranthus roseus (rosy periwinkle), Papaver somniferum (opium poppy), Rauvolfia serpentina (sarpagandha), Cassia spp.