rauvolfia


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rauwolfia

Herbal medicine
A plant native to India that contains reserpine, an alkaloid. Rauwolfia is antipyretic and emmenagogic; it has been used as an ayurvedic herbal medicine for depression, diarrhoea, colic in infants and hypertension. It has also been used as an antidote to snake poison. 

Toxicity
Abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, oedema, hypotension, sedation, coma, possibly death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Studies on the Inhibition of Mild Steel Corrosion by Rauvolfia serpentina in Acid Media.
Kumari, "In vitro flowering in Rauvolfia tetraphylla L.," Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol.
Steud., herbs, thatching, Poaceae 63 Phyllanthus fraternus 198 113 Webster, Herb, Euphorbiaceae 64 Phyla nodiflora (L.) 185 89 Greene Herb, Verbenaceae 65 Pistia stratiotes L., 222 77 manure, Herb, Araceae 66 Polygonum barbatum L., 187 156 Herb, Polygonaceae 67 * Polygonum hydropiper 198 119 L., M, Herb, Polygonaceae 68 * Rauvolfia serpentina (Linn.) 232 82 Benth.
Verma, "Use of HPTLC, HPLC, and densitometry for qualitative separation of indole alkaloids from Rauvolfia serpentina roots," Journal of Planar Chromatography--Modern TLC, vol.
Tamizaje fitoquimico preliminar de la raiz seca de Rauvolfia viridis Roem et Schult (Apocinaceae) y evaluacion in vitro de la actividad antiofidica frente al veneno de Bothops asper.Trabajo de grado [Biologo con Enfasis en Biotecnologia]: Sincelejo: Universidad de Sucre, Facultad de Educacion y Ciencias, Departamento de Biologia.
Franz (1993) indica que entre las especies de plantas medicinales con reciente inicio de domesticacion (pocas decadas) estan Achillea millefolium, para aceite esencial; Arnica montana, para sesquiterpenoles; Costus speciosus, para esteroides; Equinacea spp., para inmunoestimulantes; Dioscorea spp., para esteroides; Rauvolfia spp., para alcaloides; y Valeriana edulis, para iridoides, entre otras.
Drug Medical Use Plant Species Aspirin Analgesic, inflammation Filipendula ulmaria Atropine Ophthalmology Atropo belladonna Camphor Rheumatic pain Cinnamomum camphora Morphine Analgesic Papaver somniferum Quinine Malaria prophylaxis Cinchona pubescens Reserpine Hypertension Rauvolfia serpentina Vinblastine Hodgkin's disease Catharanthus roseus Drug Family Aspirin Rosaceae Atropine Solanaceae Camphor Lauraceae Morphine Papaveraceae Quinine Rubiaceae Reserpine Apocynaceae Vinblastine Apocynaceae Table 2.
Rauvolfia -26.9 sandwicensis Beta-111024 (1) (2) Sida cf.