inference

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Related to Rational inference: reasonableness, deductive reasoning

in·fer·ence

(in'fĕr-ens),
The logical process of passing from observations and axioms to generalizations; in statistics, the development of generalizations from sample data, usually with calculated degrees of uncertainty.

inference

(in′f(ĕ-)rĕns)
A conclusion drawn by a logical analysis of the available evidence.
References in periodicals archive ?
The model suggests that in many environments, the level of sunk costs matters to the rational inference about the likely needed future expenditures and in such environments, sunk costs matter.
The antidiscrimination paradigm, which holds all discrimination to be irrational, effectively denies basic principles of rational inference and prediction.
Although everything in nature is related by cause and effect, the bases for rational inference depend on the conclusions of ground-and-consequent relations.
Although Harman accepts that all rational inference is inference either from or to the best explanation, he also accepts that P-inferences are rational.
What is interesting is that Wigmore almost certainly did not believe that the logic of the calculus of chances captures the essence of rational inference and proof.
His use of cognition, he explains, goes beyond rational inference to include perception, interpretation, value judgments, morality, emotions, and feelings--thus siding with Spinoza rather than Descartes on the mind/body dualism question.