Xenopsylla cheopis

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Xenopsylla cheopis

A species that infests rats; other hosts include humans. This species is a vector for a number of pathogens including Hymenolepis nana (the dwarf tapeworm); Salmonella organisms; the causative organisms of bubonic and sylvatic plague and endemic typhus. Synonym: rat flea
See also: Xenopsylla


a genus of fleas, including more than 30 species, many of which transmit disease-producing microorganisms.

Xenopsylla cheopis
the rat flea, which transmits Pasteurella pestis, the causative organism of plague and Rickettsia typhi, the causative organism of murine typhus.
References in periodicals archive ?
rat fleas, Xenopsylla cheopis) block more readily than others.
Fleas of the genera Catallagia, Echidnophaga, Hystrichopsylla, Malareus and Thrassis (now Oropsylla) found in the western US appear to block (25,26,78,89,101-104) but a putative role for them as a plague reservoir has not been studied using refined techniques, nor has their response to plague been as carefully investigated as the case for rat fleas (26,28,105-107).
Molyneux (87) and Bacot (153) observed that larval rat fleas (X.
Transmission of Salmonella enteriditis by the rat fleas Xenopsylla cheopis and Nosopsyllus fasciatus.
The effects of human age on the relationship between rat fleas and people and of gender on this disease deserve further study.
The bubonic plague that is still found in this day and age in India and the Southwestern United States is carried by rat fleas, while ticks carrying Lyme disease can also be found on rats, albeit more in the suburban areas of the metropolitan area than in the concrete jungle.
Bubonic Plague is spread by bites from infected rat fleas.
The doctor said the rash had been caused by insect bites, possibly rat fleas.
Most researchers attribute the spread of plague among people to bites from rat fleas infected with Y.
felis in rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis), Oahu, Hawaii.
8%) DNA were detected in rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) collected from mice on Oahu Island, Hawaii.
norvegicus) and rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) (1,2), although other rodents and their ectoparasites have been implicated in maintenance of R.

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