ORC responding to Baird's announcement is overwhelmingly preoccupied with the figure of the citizen of convenience who, with remarkable uniformity in the highest rated comments, is constructed through the logic of racial nationalism. As I will argue in this section, while the authentic Canadian is positioned as being taken advantage of, the construction of the other is founded on stereotypes that are presumed to be part and parcel of Arab "culture" and who Arabs "are" (e.g., Said 1978; Shaheen 2003).
Racial nationalism is the operative logic constituting all three allegorical figures; however, the figure of the fraudulent citizen embodies dimensions of both the recalcitrant alien and the citizen of convenience.
This article has traced racial nationalism as a continuous logic animating three sites of controversy constituting citizenship in contemporary public debate, organized around three allegorical figures: the recalcitrant alien, the citizen of convenience, and the fraudulent citizen.
In my self-understanding at least, the following arguments come at racial nationalism from its left, and voice legitimate concerns of the poor of whatever race and of citizens in general.
The new racial nationalism does what nationalisms do: it seeks self-determination and all-round flourishing for its constituency 'nation'.
The new racial nationalism does not introduce significant innovations within African nationalist thought, though it includes some distinctive preoccupations, notably with 'representivity' (see below).
Racial nationalism arising in a potentially unstable empire with an embattled Communist party could have grave consequences for regional stability in that vital part of the world, as it reinforces the portrayal of outer China, from Taiwan to Tibet, as "organic" parts of the sacred territory of the descendants of the Yellow Emperor that should be defended by military power if necessary Similar to the first decades of this century, moreover, the multiplication of regional identities and the emergence of cultural diversity could prompt a number of political figures to appeal to racialized senses of belonging in order to supersede internal divisions.
(3) I first proposed the term of racial nationalism in Frank Dikotter, "Racial Nationalisms in East Asia," The ASEN Bulletin, 7 (Summer 1994) pp.
Sullivan, "The 1988-89 Nanjing Anti-African Protests: Racial Nationalism or National Racism?" in The China Quarterly, no.
Ottley, in turn, radicalized the FWP argument, appealing to the federal government on the grounds of national loyalty, while citing the possibility of racial nationalism and wartime disloyalty as reasons to consider more robust state measures to protect African American economic, civic, and social rights.
The modernity of the demagogues lay in their expression of a growing racial nationalism that challenged the aspirations of established black intellectuals, Communists, and New Dealers alike.
New World also suggests that many African American social movements contain an undercurrent of racial nationalism, while others draw on it directly.