Nevertheless, the authors described the evidence of enduring discrimination against some minority ethnic groups as striking given the passage of the Race Relations Act 1976 and that many of the earlier studies included applicants born abroad with some foreign education.
But Judge Collins ruled: "I hold that the BNP are likely to commit unlawful acts of discrimination within section 1b Race Relations Act 1976 in the terms on which they are prepared to admit persons to membership under the 12th addition of their constitution."
But yesterday, at Central London County Court, Judge Collins ruled: "I hold that the BNP are likely to commit unlawful acts of discrimination within section 1b Race Relations Act 1976 in the terms on which they are prepared to admit persons to membership under their constitution."
It is a deep irony that the Race Relations Act 1976, which was designed to stamp out discrimination on grounds of race, has now been used against the Jewish community--because it is held to be discriminating on grounds of race.
He said yesterday: "I was told that we could have been done under the Race Relations Act 1976, and heaven knows what else, by not allowing other citizens, including those from England, into the races for free."
The tribunal held that a remark made by an employer to a female employee of Indian ethnic origin referring to the possibility of her being "married off in India" had the effect of violating her dignity and constituted harassment under the Race Relations Act 1976.
The first important pieces of legislation in this area came in the seventies: the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 and the Race Relations Act 1976. Their main function was to outlaw treating people "less favourably" than others on the grounds of their sex or race where all other material circumstances were the same.
There is extensive legislation designed to prevent discrimination including the Sex Discrimination Acts 1975 and 1986, the Race Relations Act 1976, the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and the Employment Equality Regulations 2003.