It has roughly two or three pounds of bees to cover the brood and a queen or queen cell
If a queen cell
is allowed to develop a new queen, the old queen will take off with half the worker bees to find a new home.
The royal jelly is collected from individual queen cell
honeycombs when the larvae are about four days old.
They should have a queen cell
made within five days.
Bees swarm when the queen is aware of a second queen about to hatch from a special queen cell
prepared by the workers.
The commercial queen breeding industry is based on picking up and moving a three-day-old or younger honey bee larva into an artificial beginning queen cell called a "cup.
Grafting is simply the process of transferring a three-day-old or younger honey bee worker larva into an artificial queen cell that is placed in the vertical position which stimulates a queenless colony (cell builder) to feed them as queens.
The larva is placed into queen cell by drawing the tool across the cell base.
The queen cell
looks like a peanut hanging on the side of the frame.
The next few days I watched three swarms depart from another hive as I hadn't removed surplus Queen cells.
During my first year looking after bees (I can't call myself a bee keeper) a similar thing happened, and I overzealously removed all the Queen cells, leaving my hive Queen-less.
First-timers can find themselves spending a lot of time keeping bees fed on sugar water, culling extra queen cells
and harvesting honey.